Prunus persica Linn Batsch

Family Name:

Rosaceae

Local Name/English

Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Aru, Arro/Wild peach

March-May

Cultivated and self-growing plant

Whole plant

A small tree, found as cultivated plant near houses and in waste lands.

Pakistan: It is widely cultivated in both hilly and plain areas throughout the country. World: Cultivated in northwest Himalaya, India, Tibet, and temperate and tropical regions of the world.

A medium-sized tree up to 8 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody, with gray to red bark. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate, toothed, and green, usually provided with a pair of glands at the base. Flowers pink, pedicillate, bisexual, with five sepals and five petals. Fruit drupe, fleshy and downy, enclosing a hard, furrowed, one-seeded stone (Fig. 3.73).

30-40 g of fresh leaves is collected by men and women 20-40 years old, in summer (May-September).

(continued)

Fig. 3.73 Prunuspersica (Linn.) Batsch

Family Name:

Rosaceae

Recipes:

Diseases Cured:

Ethnobotanical

Uses:

Phytochemicals:

25-30 g of fresh leaves is ground daily for 5-6 min; 1-2 tsp (10-12 g) of common salt and 1 cup (250 mL) of water are added in. The mixture is filtered with a cloth and given to cattle to kill intestinal worms and also applied to wounds to remove maggots. Half a cup of juice (125 mL) (at one time) is given twice daily for 1-2 days. To remove maggots from wounds, 3-4 tsp (30 mL) of extract (at one time) is applied to wounds 3-4 times per day for 2-3 days.

To kill intestinal worms, and to remove maggots from wounds in cattle and dogs.

Leaves are also used as fodder for cattle, goats, and sheep. Fruit is edible. Unripe fruit is used in chutneys. The plant is used as firewood when dry.

Fixed oil, called persic oil, contains B-sitosterol, and squalene, D-glucoside, hentriacontane, hentricontanol and the flavonoids naringenin, dihy-drokaempferol, kaempferol, and quercetin [1, 63]._

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