Portulaca oleracea L

Family Name:


Local Name/

Warkharay/Purslane, pusley

English Name:

Flowering Period:




Part Used:

Vegetative portion


A small herb, grows wild in maize fields.


Pakistan: Dir, Chitral, Hazara, Kashmir, Sialkot, Lahore,

Makran, Karachi, Dadu, Tharparkar, and Quetta. World:

Europe, India, Ascension Island, America.


Annual or perennial herb, prostrate or erect. Stem succu-

lent, glabrous, green or purplish-green. Leaves alternate

or subopposite, closely crowded below the flowers.

Inflorescence usually in the forks of branches, cymose,

with clusters of three to six flowers. Flowers sessile,

yellow (Fig. 3.72).

Medicinal Uses:


250 g of fresh plant material is collected by women and

men 20-40 years old, in summer (May-July).

Family Name:



Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical

Uses: Phytochemicals:

(a) The fresh leaves and branches are ground and the juice is extracted, which is green. This juice is given to relieve abdominal pain. For children, 1/2 cup (125 mL) of juice is given 2-3 times per days for 4-5 days. For adults, 1-2 cups (250-500 mL) of juice is used thrice a day for 8-10 days.

(b) Its leaves are also used for external inflammation in the form of s poultice.

Abdominal pain and external inflammation.

Leaves are also used as fodder for cattle. Fresh leaves are cooked as a vegetable.

Oleracein A, oleracein B, oleracein E, hesperidin, and caffeic acid [62].

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