Plantago major Linn

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Family Name:


Local Name/

Bhatti/Nipple grass

English Name:

Flowering Period:




Parts Used:

Leaves and seeds


Small herb, found on moist soil along nallahs and stream sides.


Pakistan: Swat, Hazara, Murree, Kaghan, Balouchistan, and

Kashmir. World: Found throughout Europe, northern and

central Asia.


A small herb. Stem is underground rhizome. Leaves simple,

long, green, entire, petiolate, and oval-shaped in basel

rosette. Flowers yellow, tube-shaped. Fruit capsule,

opening at top with 7-8 black seeds (Fig. 3.71).

Medicinal Uses:


250 g of ripe seeds is collected by men and women 20-40

years old, in late summer (September-November). They

are dried in sunlight for 2-5 days and stored in cloth or a

plastic/glass bottle for further use.

Plantago Major Linn Images
Family Name:



Diseases Cured: Ethnobotanical

Uses: Phytochemicals:

250 g of dried seeds of Plantago major and 200 g of dried leaves of Mentha arvensis are ground together for

6-7 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from cough, asthma, dysentery, and phlegm. For children, 1 tsp (5-6 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is boiled in 1 cup (250 mL) of water for 5-6 min and then given twice daily for

7-8 days. For adults, 2 tsp (12-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is boiled in 1 cup (250 mL) of water for 10-15 min, and then xh cup of "Viola syrup" is mixed in. This syrup is given to patients twice daily (morning-evening) for 15-20 days.

Asthma, cough, dysentery, fever, and phlegm.

Young leaves are used like spinach (sag) and are also used as fodder by goats, sheep, and cattle.

Flavonoids, reducing sugar, tanning, flavonoids, alkaloids, essential oil, isoquercetrin, auculin, pectin, D-galactose, L-arabinose, L-rhamnose, chlorophyll, resin, wax, albumen, pectin, sugar, mucilage, glycoside aucubin, glycoside, and saponin [1, 61]._

Plantago Major Use
Fig. 3.72 Partulaca oleracea L

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Coping with Asthma

Coping with Asthma

If you suffer with asthma, you will no doubt be familiar with the uncomfortable sensations as your bronchial tubes begin to narrow and your muscles around them start to tighten. A sticky mucus known as phlegm begins to produce and increase within your bronchial tubes and you begin to wheeze, cough and struggle to breathe.

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