Plantago lanceolata L

Family Name:

Plantaginaceae

Local Name/

English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Parts Used: Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Bhatti/Narrow leaf plantain

June-September

Common

Leaves, fruit, and seeds

A small annual herb, found in moist loamy soil along with nallah and alongside streams.

Pakistan: Chitral, Swat, Dir, Hazara, Kashmir, Bannu, Kurram Agency, Peshawar, Sargodha, Murree Hills, Makran, D. I. Khan, and Balushistan. World: Europe, N. Africa, S. Asia to the mountains of Tien-Shan and Pamir; introduced all over the world.

A small perennial herb, up to 30 cm tall. Leaves membranous, narrow lanceolate to narrow elliptic, glabrous acute, at the base narrowed into a narrow petiole, nerves 5. Spikes are dense, conic-cylindrical, and subglobose to globose. Bracts broad ovate, narrowly caudate. Sepals long, glabrous or at the margin. Corolla lobes are narrowing ovate to ovate.

(continued)

Family Name:

Plantaginaceae

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Recipes:

Diseases Cured: Phytochemicals:

100 g of fresh leaves and seeds are collected by women 25-40 years and children 15-20 years old, in spring and summer; dried in shade for 2-5 days and stored in cloth or a plastic/glass bottle for further use.

(a) Dried leaves are crushed into a fine powder. This powder is kept on wounds to stop bleeding.

(b) 50-100 g of seed husks are soaked in water overnight. Then they are mixed with sugar; this extract is given to patients early in the morning to cure dysentery and diarrhea. For children, 1 cup (250 mL) of extract is given 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days. For adults, 2-3 cups (500 to 750 mL) of extract is given three times per day for 5-10 days.

Dysentery and diarrhea; used to stop bleeding.

Glucoside aucubin, resin, waxes, and large quantity of mucilage [52]._

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