Pistacia chinensis

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Family Name:

Anacardiaceae

Local Name/

English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Kangar, Kakra singi/Pistachio galls

March-April

Common

Whole plant

Dioecious tree, mostly found in open waste places and alongside cultivated fields in clay.

Pakistan: Kurram Valley, Peshawar, Salt Range, Murree, Rawalpindi, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, and Hazara. World: Afghanistan, India, and western Nepal.

A medium-sized dioecious tree up to 20 m tall. Stem is erect, branched, woody, and hard, with rough dark gray bark. Leaves compound, leaflets 7-9, lanceolate; serrate, petiolate, green with prominent nerves. The newly emerging leaves are bright red, making an attractive show in spring. Flowers unisexual, small, and reddish, in clusters. Male panicle drooping and female erect and bracteate; stamens are 3-6; styles are 3. Fruit one-

(continued)

Family Name:

Anacardiaceae

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Recipes:

Diseases Cured:

Ethnobotanical

Uses:

Phytochemicals:

200 g of leaf galls and 300 g of fruit are collected by men 20-35 years old in summer (July-November). Galls are broken and their internal net is removed. Both galls and fruit are dried in sunlight for 4-5 days and then stored in a piece of cloth for further use.

(a) 150 g of dried leaf galls is placed on a hot iron plate, covered with another iron or silver pot, and burned for 5-10 min. This ash is then mixed with 500 g of honey. Or 150 g of dried galls is ground for 3-4 min. This powder is then mixed with xh kg of honey. This drug is given to patients suffering from cough, asthma, diarrhea, and phlegm. For children, 1-2 tsp (10-12 g) of drug is given daily at bedtime for 10-12 days. For adults, 2-4 tsp (20-25 g) of drug is given daily at bedtime for 20-25 days.

(b) 250 g of dried fruit of Pistacia chinensis and 250 g of previously fried grains of Triticum aestivum are mixed and ground together for 10-15 min; 200 g of sugar is also mixed in. This powdered drug is stored in a plastic or glass pot and given to patients suffering from gleets (jiryan). For children, not used. For adults, 2-3 tsp (10-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of milk or water twice a day (morning-evening) for 20-25 days.

Cough, asthma, diarrhea, phlegm (balghum), and gleets (jiryan).

Leaves are used as fodder for goats and sheep. Wood yields timber and is used to make furniture. It is also used as firewood and for thatching.

Essential oil contains pinene, camphene, di-limonene, terpineol, aromadendren, caprylic acid, 2-crystalline acids, gallic acid, m-digallic acid, quercetin, 6-0-galloyl arbutin-quercitrin, and quercetin-3-0(6"-galloyl)-beta-D-glucosides [30, 60]._

Coping With Asthma

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Coping with Asthma

Coping with Asthma

If you suffer with asthma, you will no doubt be familiar with the uncomfortable sensations as your bronchial tubes begin to narrow and your muscles around them start to tighten. A sticky mucus known as phlegm begins to produce and increase within your bronchial tubes and you begin to wheeze, cough and struggle to breathe.

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