Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:
Kail, Saraf/Himalayan pine February-April Common Whole tree
A wild evergreen tree, found on hills as self-growing plant in loamy soil in subtropical forests. Pakistan: Murree, Hazara, Swat, Gilliyat, Dir, and Kashmir. World: Afghanistan, Chitral eastward to W. Nepal.
Fig. 3.6 Pinus wallichiana (L.)
Family Name: Pinaceae
Description: Trees up to 30 m tall. Bark gray, scaly. Branches whorled. Leaves acicular, in clusters of 5, bluish to gray-green. Male cones in dense clusters. Female cones 2-3 at the tips of branches, dropping, and woody; wing 2-3 times as long as the seed (Fig. 3.6).
Collection: Resin is collected by men.
Recipes: Resin is mixed with butter and eaten before meals, which is useful for the expulsion of worms. For children: 1-2 tsp is given 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days. For adults: 2-3 tsp is used for up to 8-10 days.
Disease Cured: Expulsion of worms.
Ethnobotanical Uses: Wood is used for construction, i.e., doors, win dows, etc., and body of trucks. Its wood is also used to make furniture and fuel.
Phytochemicals: Turpentine contains a-pinene, undecane, dodecane, tridecane, b-pinene, D-3-carene, sesquiterpenes, abietic and isopimaric and ambertianic acids .
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