Phyllanthus emblica Linn

Family Name: Euphorbiaceae

Local Name/English Amla/Indian gooseberry Name:

Flowering Period: March-April

Status: Uncommon

Part Used: Whole plant

Habit/Habitat: A medium-sized tree, grows in hard, stony and rough places

Distribution: Pakistan: Hazara, Margalla Hills, and Haripur. World:

India, Sri Lanka, and east to S. China and western Malaysia.

Description: A medium-sized tree up 8 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody with light gray bark. Leaves simple but appear compound, numerous, light green. Flowers greenish-yellow. Fruit globose fleshy, pale yellow, with brownish-yellow seeds (Fig. 3.67).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 5 kg of fresh fruit and 3 kg of bark are collected by men

18-40 years old. Fruit is collected in winter (AugustNovember) and bark is collected in summer (MarchJune). First, both fruit and bark are cut with a knife into small pieces. Then they are dried in sunlight for 6-7 days and stored in cloth sacks or small baskets for further use.

Fig. 3.67 Phyllanthus emblica Linn

Family Name: Euphorbiaceae

Recipes: (a) 10-15 g of dried fruit and 10-15 g of dried bark are soaked daily at night in 1 cup (250 m) of water. The next morning 1-2 tsp (10-12 g) of sugar and 2 tsp (10-12 g) of seed powder of Punica granatum is also mixed in; the whole mixture is shaken well and then filtered with a piece of cloth. This filtrate (sharbat) is given to patients suffering from jaundice, internal body inflammation, dysentery, and indigestion. For children, 1 cup (250 mL) of drug (at one time) is given daily, before breakfast, for 8-10 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of drug (at one time) is given once daily, before breakfast, for 15-20 days. (b) 20-30 g of dried fruit daily is boiled in 1 cup (250 mL) of water for 10-15 min, 1 tsp (6-7 g) of common salt is also mixed. This syrup is given with bread 1-2 times per day.

Family Name: Euphorbiaceae

Diseases Cured: Jaundice, dysentery, fever, internal body inflammation, and indigestion.

Ethnomedicinal Uses: Leaves used as fodder by goats and sheep. Fruit edible, eaten with salt by young children. Wood is used as fuel when dry. Fruit is also sold to make money.

Phytochemicals: Flavonoids, kaempferol-3-O-alpha-L-(6"-methyl)-

rhamnopyranoside, and kaempferol-3-O-alpha-L-

_(6"-ethyl)-rhamnopyranoside [59]._

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