Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:
Medicinal Uses: Collection:
Kahu, Khuwana, Kao/Olive tree
A common evergreen tree, found as self-growing plant in waste places in dry clay loam of lower elevations.
Pakistan: Hazara, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Murree, Salt Range, and Kashmir. World: Found in Afghanistan, Nepal, and India.
A medium-sized tree up to 15 m. Stem erect, branched, woody and hard, with dark gray bark. Leaves simple, opposite, entire, petiolate, lanceolate, upper fleshy dark green and lower yellowish-green surface. Flowers small, numerous, creamish, and in terminal or lateral cymes. Fruit drupe, oval-shaped, and black (Fig. 3.61).
50 g of fresh leaves is collected by men and children 14-30 years old, in any season when required.
40-50 g of fresh leaves is boiled daily in 2 cups (500 mL) of water for 10-15 min. When 1 cup (250 mL) of water is left, it is strained and given to patients suffering from toothache, mouth gums, hoarseness, and throat sore. For children, 2 tsp (12-15 mL) of decoction (at one time) is used 3-4 times per day for 2-3 days. For adults, % cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is used 3-4 times per day for 3-4 days.
Mouth sores, toothache, throat pain, and hoarseness.
Family Name: Oleaceae
Ethnobotanical Uses: Leaves are used as fodder for cattle, goats, and sheep. Wood is used for making light furniture, agricultural implements, tool handles, hoe and dagger handles, mud roof thatching, and as fuelwood and timber. Young elastic branches are used to make ropes (sub) and sticks; the white gummy extract is edible (sweet like sugar). Fruit is used to make beads (tusbi). Leaves are used in making green tea (kawa). Phytochemicals: Oil starnin, arachin, cholestrin, olein, linolein, palmatin (Lvs) fixed oil; oleic, linoleic, _palmatic, stearic, and myristic acids .
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