Mentha longifolia Linn Huds

Family Name:

Lamiaceae

Local Name/

Family Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Chitta podna, Enalay, Baburi/Horse mint

July-August

Common

Leaves

A perennial herb, grows along water courses on wet places and also cultivated near houses in pots or in small land patches.

Pakistan: Hazara, Kashmir, Poonch, Swat, Chitral, Kurram, and Baltistan. World: Northwest Asia, Europe, India, Nepal, and South Africa.

A small, erect, rhizomatous and aromatic herb up to 1 ft in height. Stem is erect, branched, 4-angled, herbaceous, hairy, green or purple. Leaves simple, elliptic-oblong to oblan-ceolate, opposite, petiolate, and toothed, hairy, whitish, aromatic. Flowers in whorls on axillary or terminal spikes, small, pink or mauve to violet, numerous (Fig. 3.58).

(continued)

Fig. 3.58 Mentha longifolia (Linn), Huds

Family Name: Lamiaceae

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 2 kg of fresh leaves is collected by men, women, and children 12-50 years old, in summer (March-August). Leaves used in both fresh and dried forms; dried in shade for 5-6 days, then stored in cloth sacks for further use.

Recipes: (a) 70 g of dried leaves of Mentha longifolia, 30-40 g of

Trachyspermum ammi (Ajwain), and 1-2 tsp (10-12 g) of common salt are ground together for 7-8 min. This powder is stored in a plastic bottle or paper bag and given to patients suffering from indigestion, gas trouble, and stomach disorders. For children, 1 tsp (10-15 g) of powdered drug (phaki) (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days. For adults, 2 tsp (10-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days.

(b) 70 g of dried leaves of Mentha longifolia, 2-3 tsp (20-25 g) of Trachyspermum ammi (Ajwain), and 2-3 tsp (20-25 g) of sugar are boiled in 3 cups (750 mL) of water for 8-10 min. Then it is filtered with a cloth or filtration pot and given to patients suffering from cholera, fever, cough, and vomiting. For children, xh cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days.

Family Name: Lamiaceae

(c) 30 g of dry leaves of Mentha longifolia, 15 g of dried seeds of Punica granatum (Druna), 10-12 g of fresh scales of Allium cepa (Piaz), and 1 tsp (5-6 g) of common salt are ground together daily for 7-8 min and then 2-3 cups of water is added. This mixture is shaken well and then filtered with a cloth or filtration pot. This juice is given to patients suffering from cholera, indigestion, vomiting, stomach disorders, and gas trouble. For children, xh cup (125 mL) of drug is given (at one time) 2-3 times per day for 1-2 days. For adults, 1-cup (250 mL) of drug is given (at one time) 3-4 times per day for 1-2 days.

Stomach disorders, gas trouble, indigestion, vomiting, cholera, fever, and cough. Fresh and dried leaves are used in chutneys; also used as spice, stimulant, and carminative in curries. Oleanolic, ursolic and fatty acids, menthol, essential oil, linalool, (+, -), alcohol, carvone, pulegone, luteolin-7 glycoside, luteolin-7-glucuroside, luteolin-7-glucuronide, apigenin 7-glucuronide, aceacetin 7-rutinoside, liosmetin 7-rutlnoside, lesperetin 7-rutino-side, eriodictyol 7-rutinoside, acacetin and eriodictyol, a-pinene, myrcene, limonene, alloocymene, caryophyl-lene, humelene, carvone, volatile oil, thymol, resin, gum, and tannin [1, 56]._

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