Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:
Medicinal Uses: Collection:
Drek, Bakayan, Dhek/Common bead tree
A common tree, found as cultivated as well as wild plant in moist ravines in waste places and near houses.
Pakistan: Found as a favorite garden and roadside tree in all four provinces. World: Found as a wild plant in Himalaya, as a cultivated plant in Iran, India, China, Burma, and Turkey.
A medium-sized tree up to 10 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody, with dark gray bark. Leaves compound, 7-10 leaflets, green, toothed, opposite, short, and petiole. Flowers violet, small, numerous in clusters. Fruit globose, yellow, and single-seeded (Fig. 3.57).
60-70 g of fresh leaves and 250 g of dried fruit are collected by men 20-40 years old. Leaves are collected in spring (March-May) and fruit is collected in summer (June-September). Fruit is also stored in cloth for further use.
Family Name: Meliaceae
Recipes: (a) 30 g of fresh leaves is boiled daily for 7-8 days in 3 cups (750 mL) of water for 15-20 min. When 1 cup (250 mL) of water is left, it is strained with a cloth or filtration pot. This decoction is given to patients suffering from eye diseases (eyesore) and malarial fever. For children, 1 tsp (5 mL) of decoction (at one time) is mixed in 1 cup of water, 5-6 g of salt is also added, and then the mixture is given to the patient 2-3 times per day for 6-7 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (15-20 mL) of decoction (at one time) is mixed in 1 cup (250 mL) of water, 8-10 g of salt is also added, and the mixture is given 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. (b) 75 g of dry fruit of Melia azadarach, 125 g dry fruit of Phyllanthus emblica (Amla), and 125 g of Terminalea chebula (Harir) are ground together for 10-15 min. Then 25-30 tablets (each 5-6 g) are made from this powder and stored in a plastic or glass bottle for further use. These tablets are given to patients suffering from piles, and to purify the blood. For children, not used. For adults, one tablet (5 g) is given twice
_daily (morning-evening) for 10-15 days._
Family Name: Meliaceae
(c) 50 g of fresh leaves is ground daily for 5-6 min. This paste (malum) is used for headaches and body swelling due to injury. Ten to 15 g of the paste (at one time) is applied on the infected area 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days.
(d) 70-80 g each of fresh leaves, twigs, and fruit is ground daily for 8-10 min. This drug is given to cattle suffering from gas trouble and indigestion. A dose of 125 g of drug is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 2-3 days.
Diseases Cured: Malarial fever, piles, eye ache, headache, swelling, and wounds; to purify blood; and gas trouble and indigestion in cattle.
Ethnobotanical Uses: Fresh leaves are used as fodder for cattle, goats, and sheep. Wood is used to make agricultural implements, tool handles, thatching, and light furniture, and as timber and fuelwood.
Phytochemicals: Bakayanin, margosine, alkaloid (azedarin), resin, tannin, meliotannic acid, and benzoic acid ,
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