Justicia adhatoda Linn Nees

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Family Name:

Acanthaceae

Local Name/

Bhekkar, Arusha, Bhekkar/Malabar nut

English Name:

Flowering Period:

December-April

Status:

Common

Part Used:

Whole plant

Habit/Habitat:

A perennial branched shrub, mostly grows in shady and

waste places in clay.

Distribution:

Pakistan: Hazara, Chitral, Swat, N. Waziristan, Kurram,

Kohat, Khyber, Karachi, Sind, and Lower Balouchistan.

World: West Nepal, India, and Indochina.

Description:

An evergreen gregarious shrub, up to 3-6 m tall. Stem

erect, gregarious, branched, woody, and gray. Leaves

simple, elliptic-lanceolate, apposite, petiolate, entire,

yellow-green. Flowers small, white, nectarous in

terminal or axillary spikes. Bracts are elliptic oblong.

Fruit is capsule, club-like (Fig. 3.55).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection:

/ kg each of roots, branches, leaves, and flowers is

collected by men, women, and children 10-40 years

old, during winter (August-February). All these parts

are used in both fresh and dried forms. They are dried

in shade for 4-8 days and then stored in cloth bags for

further use.

Justicia Adhatoda Medicinal Uses

Fig. 3.55 Justicia adhatoda (Linn.) Nees

Family Name: Acanthaceae

Recipes: (a) 250 g of dried leaves of Justacia adhatoda, 150 g of

Trachyspermum ammi (Ajwain), 100 g of Foeniculum vulgare (Sounf), 80-90 g of Terminalia belerica (Harir), 50 g of Zingiber officinales (Adrak), and 70 g of "Black piper" are mixed and ground for 15-20 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from cough, asthma, tuberculosis, stomach problems, and phlegm. For children, 3-6 g of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water, 2-3 times per day, for 8-10 days. For adults, 10-15 g of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water, 2-3 times per day, for 10-15 days.

Family Name: Acanthaceae

(b) xh kg of fresh roots is cleaned and washed 2-3 times with water and cut into small 1-2-in. pieces; then they are boiled in 5-6 cups (1,500 mL) of water for 20-25 min. When 2 cups (500 mL) of water is left, it is filtered with a piece of cloth. Next, 5-6 g of "alum" (patkhri) is added and again boiled for 4-5 min to remove dirty froth. Then it is chilled and stored in a glass bottle; given to patients suffering from cough, asthma, diabetes, gas trouble, and blood diseases. For children, 1-2 tsp (6-12 mL) of this decoction is mixed with 1 cup (250 mL) of water (at one time) and given once or twice daily for 5-7 days. For adults, 3-4 tsp (15-25 mL) of this decoction is mixed with

1 cup (250 mL) of water (at one time) and given 2-3 times per day for 10-12 days.

(c) 300 g of fresh roots is cleaned and washed with water (2-3 times), cut into small pieces (1-2 in.), and then boiled in 4 cups (1 L) of water for 20-25 min. When 2-3 cups (500-750 mL) of water remains, it is filtered with a cloth. This decoction is stored in a glass bottle and given to patients suffering from jaundice and stomach problems. For children, 2-3 tsp (12-15 mL) of decoction is given daily before breakfast for 10-12 days. For adults, 4-5 tsp (20-30 mL) of decoction is given daily before breakfast for 15-16 days.

(d) 200 g of fresh flowers and 200 g of sugar are mixed by hand for 5-10 min. Next, the mixture is put in a mud pot and placed in sunlight for 8-10 days. This Gullkand (a sweet preserve of rose petals) is given to patients suffering from cough, asthma, and chest pain. For children, 2-3 g of gullkand (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. For adults, 6-8 g of gullkand (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 10-15 days.

(e) 60-70 g of root, leaves, branches, or flowers, which are already dried, are burned on an iron plate; the ashes are stored in a plastic bottle. Used for teeth and gum pains; 2-3 g of ash powder (at one time) is rubbed on teeth 3 times per day, after meals, for

Family Name:

Acanthaceae

(f) / kg of fresh leaves is ground daily for 4-5 min; 10-15 g (2 tsp) of salt is mixed in. This ground material is given to cattle suffering from diarrhea, dysentery, gas trouble, and other stomach problems. A dose of 250 g of drug is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 2-3 days.

Cough, asthma, bronchitis, stomach inflammation, dysentery, diarrhea, phlegm, jaundice, diabetes, mouth sores, toothaches, and tuberculosis; and to purify blood.

It is used as firewood when dried. Leaves are grazed by goats and sheep.

Essential oil, fats, resin, vasicine, vasicol, vasicisone, peganine, adhatodic acid, sugar, gum, coloring matter, and salts [53-55].

Diseases Cured:

Ethnobotanical

Uses: Phytochemicals:

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