Indigofera gerardiana Wall

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Family Name:

Papilionaceae

Local Name/

English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat: Distribution:

Description:

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Recipes:

Kainthi, Ghwareja/Cool indigo

May-June

Common

Whole plant

A small shrub growing in humus soil.

Pakistan: Hazara, Swat, Murree, Kashmir, Dir, Chitral, and Gilliyat. World: India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Afghanistan.

A small deciduous shrub with whitish branches. Leaves imparipinnately compound, leaflets long, elliptic, obovate or oblanceolate, obtuse, mucronate, pubescent on both sides. Inflorescence a raceme, nearly sessile, pale red. Fruit long, straight, cylindric glabrous, 10-12-seeded (Fig. 3.53) (Indigeofera).

200 g of roots and bark is collected by men 25-40 years old, in winter (October-December), and cleaned with water.

(a) The roots are cleaned, dried, and boiled in water for 40-50 min, then cooled down and filtered. This filtrate is used against abdominal pain. For children, / cup (125 mL) of decoctio (at one time) is given once or twice daily for 4-5 days. For adults, 1-2 cups (250-500 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 4-5 days.

(b) Patients chew the bark of the roots to relieve abdominal pain.

(c) The bark is boiled in milk and a bandage is formed. This bandage is used externally to treat cracked and broken bones.

Fig. 3.53 Indigofera garadiana Wall

Family Name:

Papilionaceae

Diseases Cured:

Abdominal pain, cracked and broken parts of body.

Ethnobotanical

Used in making roofs of huts and houses, and as fodder and

Uses:

fuel. Branches are used for sweeping, packing, and

basket making.

Phytochemistry:

Lactone, linifolin, and a wax [52].

3.4.36 Ipomoea nil (Linn.) Roth

Family Name:

Convolvulaceae

Local Name/English

Airla, Airl, Shine gulay/Morning glory

Name:

Flowering Period:

July-October

Status:

Common

Part Used:

Whole plant

Habit/Habitat:

A climbing, twining herb, found as weed in maize fields

and in wet places in clay loam.

Family Name: Convolvulaceae

Distribution: Pakistan: Hazara, Swat, Murree, Salt Range, Kashmir,

Mirpur, and Jhelum. World: India, Africa, and Malaysia to North Australia.

Description: A twining herb up to 3 m in height. Stem twining, hairy, branched, herbaceous, yellowish-green. Leaves simple, alternate, hairy, and three-lobed. Flowers large, funnel-shaped, blue and tinged smooth, sub-globose, with 3-5 black seeds (Fig. 3.54).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 250 g of dried seeds is collected by men 25-40 years old, in winter (October-December), then dried in sunlight for 1-2 days, and stored in cloth or a glass or plastic bottle for further sue.

Family Name: Convolvulaceae

Recipes: 250 g of dried seeds is ground for 8-10 min. This powder is then stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from constipation, stomach disorders, and intestinal worms. For children, 1 tsp (5-6 g) of powder drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water once or twice daily for 4-5 days. For adults, 1-2 tsp (10-12 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water twice daily (morning-evening) for 10-15 days.

Diseases Cured: Stomach disorder, constipation, and intestinal worms.

Ethnobotanical Uses: The fresh plant is used as fodder for domestic animals.

Phytochemistry: Protein, calcium, phosphorus, and resin [6].

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Constipation Prescription

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