Grewia tenax Drum ex Burret

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Family Name:


Local Name/English Name:

Dhaman, Pastaoni, Phalsa/White Cross berry

Flowering Period:




Medicincal Plants District Jhelum
Fig. 3.51 Grewia tenex Drum. ex Burret

Family Name:


Part Used: Habit/Habitat:



Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Whole plant

A medium-sized tree, grows in waste places in hard soil.

Pakistan: Balouchistan, Hazara, Cherat, Salt Range, Skaser, Nurpur, Rawalpindi district, Murree, Jhelum Valley, and Kashmir. World: Found in tropical Africa, India, and Nepal.

A medium-sized tree up to 8 m tall. Stem erect, branched, hairy, and woody with yellowish-gray bark. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate or broadly so, petiolate, dentate, and green. Flowers creamy white in axillary cymes of up to six. Fruit drupe two- to four-lobed (Fig. 3.51).

1 kg of fresh bark is collected by men and women 20-40 years old, in winter (September-February). Then the bark is cut into small 2-3-in. pieces.

Family Name: Ulmaceae

Recipes: 1 kg of fresh bark is boiled in 3 L of water for

1-2 h. When xh liter of water remains, it is filtered with a cloth and stored in a glass bottle; given to patients suffering from constipation and stomach inflammation. For children, 1-2 tsp (10-12 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 1-2 days. For adults, % cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 5-6 days.

Diseases Cured: Constipation and stomach inflammation.

Ethnobotanical Uses: Leaves are used as fodder for cattle, goats, and sheep. Bark is used to wash hair (especially women). Wood is used to make tool handles and as firewood when dry. The young elastic branches are placed in a stream of water in the winter (December-February); in the summer (April-July), their bark is peeled off. The fibers collected from sticks are used in making ropes.

Phytochemicals: Proteins and phenols [50].

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