Ficus virgata Wall ex Roxb

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Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:



Phagwara, Rhumbul/Fig April-November Common Whole plant

A deciduous tree, mostly found in waste places along with cultivated fields in clay. Pakistan: Found in all four provinces. World: East Africa, Arabia, Peninsula, Iran, Afghanistan, India, and Nepal. A medium-sized deciduous tree up to 10 m tall. Stem erect, smooth, branched, and woody with gray bark. Leaves simple, alternate, long, and ovate or palmately divided, three- to five-nerved, petiolate, toothed, pubescent on the upper surface and green. Fruit rounded, green axillary solitary or paired, pale yellowish to purple, with many seeds (Fig. 3.49).

Family Name:


Medicinal Uses: Collection:


Diseases Cured:

Ethnobotanical Uses:


1 kg of ripe fruit and 2-3 tsp of fresh juice are collected by men and women 20-40 years old. Fruit is collected in summer (June-September), dried in sunlight for 4-5 days, and then stored in cloth or a glass/plastic bottle for further use. The milky juice is collected in summer (AprilSeptember), by plucking leaves or young branches, and used fresh.

(a) 125 g of dried fruit of Ficus variegata, 100 g of dried seeds of Amaranthus viridis, and 50 g of sugar are ground together for 8-10 min. Powdered drug is stored in a glass/plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from vision disorders. For children, not used. For adults, 2 tsp (10-12 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 14-15 days.

(b) 2 tsp (15-15 mL) of fresh juice is mixed in 2 tsp (10-15 mL) of milk; 5-6 g of the resulting paste (malum) is applied on pimples, skin lesions, and other infectious body parts 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days. The drug is white.

Vision disorderse, skin infections, pimples, and lesions.

Leaves are used as fodder for cattle, goats, and sheep. Young leaves are cooked as spinach (sag) in diluted milk (lasi). Ripe fruit is edible, and unripe fruit is cooked as food. Leaves are also used to clean milk pods. Wood is used to make agricultural implements and tool handles, as fuelwood, and in thatching; the plant is also used as a shade tree.

Resin, albumin, cerin, sugar, malic acid, renin, B-amyrin, ascorbic acid, and adrenaline [48].

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