Ficus carica Forssk

Family Name:


Local Name/English Name:

Flowering Period:


Parts Used:



Phagwar, Inzar/Fig tree



Bark, fruits, and latex

A medium-sized tree, found in cultivated places. Pakistan: Gilgit, Chitral, Dir, Swat, Mardan, Hazara, Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, D. I. Khan, and Baluchistan. World: India, Pakistan, Afghanistan; Russia, Iran, Middle East, N. Africa, and Europe._

Family Name:



Medicinal Uses: Collection:


Diseases Cured: Ethnonbotanical Uses:


A small deciduous tree with several spreading branches. Bark smooth, gray or dull white. Leaves glabrous to tomentose with lamina variable in shape and size, broadly ovate to nearly orbicular, undivided or obscurely palmatifid to mostly palmatipartite. Hypanthodia axillary solitary or paired, yellowish to brownish violet (Fig. 3.48).

Fresh latex and fruits are collected by young children or women. Latex can be collected at any time, whereas fruits are collected in May-July.

(a) Latex is obtained from the leaves or young branches and placed on the patient's body part where a prickle has hidden; the prickle is easily drawn out from the outer covering of the body.

(b) Fresh fruits are eaten by both children and adults to cure constipatation.

To remove prickles and cure constipatation.

Leaves are used as fodder for cattle. Wood is used as fuel, in shelters, and as tool handles.

Arabinose, b-amyrins, b-carotines, glycosides, b-setosterols, xanthotoxol, psoralen, ber-gapten, umbelliferone, campesterol, stigmas-terol, fucosterol, and fatty acids [36, 44-47] .

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