Dodonaea viscosa Linn

Family Name:

Sapindaceae

Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Sanatha, Ghuraskay, Banmandra/Switch sorrel

January-March

Common

Whole plant

A medium-sized shrub, found on exposed dry slopes in dry hard clay. Pakistan: Karachi, Sind, Balouchistan, Kurram, Hazara, Salt Range, Dir, and Swat. World: Found in pan-tropical areas. An evergreen medium-sized shrub with resinous parts. Stem erect, branched, and woody with reddish-brown bark. Leaves simple, alternate, sessile, entire, bright green, shining, oblanceo-late, and fleshy. Male flowers have 6-8 stamens and red anthers. Female flowers with three-angled ovary; petals are absent. Fruit winged capsule (Fig. 3.46).

/ kg of fresh leaves and 250 g of fresh fruit are collected by men, women, and children 12-40 years old, in summer (April-August)._

Fig. 3.46 Dodonaea viscosa Linn

Fig. 3.46 Dodonaea viscosa Linn

Family Name:_Sapindaceae_

Recipes: (a) / kg of fresh leaves is boiled daily in 1/ L of water for 15-20 min. Patients' joints and swollen body parts are placed in the steam coming from this boiling pot, whereas the paste made from the leaves (malum) is applied to infected body parts and secured with a piece of cloth. The same method is used once or twice a day, especially at bedtime, for 5-6 days.

(b) 250 g of fresh fruit is boiled in 1 L of water for 20-25 min.; when 3 cups (750 mL) of water remains, the water is filtered with a piece of cloth; given to patients suffering from intestinal worms. For children, 1-2 tsp (8-10 mL) of decoction (at one time) are given 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days. For adults, / cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days.

Diseases Cured: Rheumatism, swelling, and intestinal worms.

(continued)

Family Name:_Sapindaceae_

Ethnobotanical Uses: Leaves are also used as fodder for goats and sheep.

The plant is used as fuelwood, in mud roof thatching, and to make brooms and walking sticks. Young elastic branches are used to make rope (sub).

Phytochemicals: Acid, resin, gum, albumin, tannin, ash, alkaloid, _and saponin [43]._

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