Dalbergia sissoo Roxb

Family Name:

Papilionaceae

Local Name/

Tali, Shawa/Sissoo

English Name:

Flowering Period:

March-April

Status:

Uncommon

Part Used:

Whole plant

Habit/Habitat:

A tall tree, mostly found as self-growing and cultivated

plant in waste places in clay loam.

Distribution:

Pakistan: Found as common self-growing and wild plant

throughout all four provinces. World: Central

Himalaya, Afghanistan, and India.

Description:

A tall tree up to 25 m in height. Stem erect, branched,

woody, and hard with yellowish-gray bark. Leaves

compound, 3-5 leaflets, pale green, entire, petiolate,

heart-shaped terminal; one is large and the other is

smaller. Flowers pale yellow. Fruit legume, pod

yellowish-green with 3-4 seeds (Fig. 3.43).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection:

250 g of fresh bark and 100 g of fresh leaves are col-

lected by men and women 20-40 years old. The bark

is collected in winter (November-February) and dried

in sunlight for 2-3 days, whereas leaves are collected

in spring/summer (April-August) and used fresh.

Family Name: Papilionaceae

Recipes: (a) 200 g of dried bark is ground for 8-10 min. This powder is stored in a plastic or glass battle and given to patients suffering from body pain. For children, not used. For adults, 1-2 tsp (10-12 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given once daily, at night, with 1 cup of water or milk for 15-20 days.

(b) 100 g of fresh leaves is boiled daily in 1 cup (250 mL) of water for 10-15 min. When 1/ cups (375 mL) of water remains, it is filtered with a cloth or a filtration pot. This decoction is given to patients suffering from diarrhea. For children, 1-2 tsp (10-15 mL) of decoction is given (at one time) 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days. For adults, / cup (125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given 3 times per day for 3-4 days.

(c) 1 kg of fresh leaves is boiled daily in 5 L of water for 20-25 min. This water is filtered with a cloth and used while washing hair, to remove dandruff, for 5-6 days.

Diseases Cured: Body pain, diarrhea, and dandruff.

Ethnobotanical Leaves are used as fodder for goats and sheep. Wood is

Uses: used for making furniture, agricultural implements, plugs, and tool handles and as fuelwood and timber,

_and as thatching._

(continued)

Family Name: Papilionaceae

Phytochemicals: Fixed oil, fatty acid, myristic, palmatic, stearic, arachidic, oleic acids crystalline lactone, dalbergin, isodalbergin, ethers, dalbergenone, isoflavone, ether, isoflavone, glycoside, caviunin, 7-ogentiobioside isocaviunin, isoflavoneglycoside, sissotrin, phynyl-chromene, dalbergichromene, and isotectrigenin [42]

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