Colchicum luteum Baker

Family Name:


Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:



Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Phanphor, Ziarguly/Golden collyrium




A wild perennial herb, mostly found in open places in clay along the sides of cultivated fields in association with different grasses, and in forest shrubbery. Pakistan: Waziristan, Chitral, Dir, Gilgit,

Baltistan, Murree, Kaghan, Margalla, Poonch, Kashmir, and Hazara. World: Central Asia, Afghanistan, and Himachal Pradesh in India. A small perennial herb. Stem underground oval-shaped corm, convex on one side and flat on the other, with small adventitious roots. Leaves simple, long, entire, lanceolate, 3-6 in number, dark green. One to three flowers, yellow, appear before leaves, 3-4 cm broad. Perianth tube 7-9 cm long. Tepals are lanceolate to oblanceo-late, 2-3 cm long. Fruit capsule ovoid with many small brownish seeds (Fig. 3.11).

125 g of fresh corms is collected by men 25-40 years old, in winter (January-March). The corms are cleaned with water to remove mud, and their outer covering is removed by hand because it is dry and rough.

Family Name:



Disease Cured: Phytochemicals:

100 g of fresh corms is boiled in 1 cup (250 mL) of water for 10-15 min. Then the water is filtered in a filtration pot and the corms are dried in sunlight for 4-5 h. Then they are mixed in 60-70 g of Aloe vera (Musabbar, Alons) and 50 g of Terminalia chebula (Harir) and ground for 10-15 min. Thirty or forty small tablets, 5-6 g each, are made from this powder; they are stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from rheumatism. For children, not used. For adults, 1 tablet (5-6 g) of drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of milk or water twice daily (morning-evening) for 15-20 days.


Colchicine, tannic, gallic acids, starch, sugar, gum, and alkaloids [10]._

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