Clematis grata Wall

Family Name: Ranunculaceae

Local Name/English Name: Dhand, Birli/Clematis Flowering Period: August-October

Status: Common

Parts Used: Leaves and young stem

Habit/Habitat: A shrubby climber, mostly found in waste places in clay loam.

Fig. 3.40 Clematis grata Wall

Family Name: Ranunculaceae

Distribution: Pakistan: Hazara, Malakand, Chitral, Swat,

Drosh, Lowari Top, Salt Range, Hassan Abdal, Murree, and Kashmir. World: East Mediterranean through West and Southwest Asia, South Siberia, Mongolia, Tibet, and China.

Description: A climbing herb up to 3-5 m in length. Stem is climber, branched, herbaceous, and green. Leaves compound, pinnate or bi-pinnate, leaflets lanceolate, often basally with 1-2 shorter lobes. Flowers yellow, purplish tinged on the outside, in lax panicles, spreading, ovate-lanceolate with curved tips. Fruit is achene, silky, hairy (Fig. 3.40).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 120 g of fresh leaves and young branches is collected by men and women 20-40 years old, in summer (June-October)

Recipes: (a) 120 g of fresh plant material is ground daily for

7-8 min; 50-60 g of this paste (malum) is applied of infected body parts once per day for 3-4 h.

Family Name: Ranunculaceae

(b) 60-70 g of fresh plant material is ground daily for 7-8 min and 1 cup (250 mL) of water is added; 3-4 tsp (50-60 mL) of juice is applied (at one time) 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days.

Diseases Cured: Skin infection (chambal); kills germs and worms in the wounds of cattle and dogs.

Ethnobotanical Uses: Grazed by goats.

Phytochemicals: Glycoside (ranunculin), from which pro-

toanemonin, an irritant, is formed [3].

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