Citrus limon Linn Burm

Family Name:

Rutaceae

Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Nimbu, Lemu/Lemon

June-July

Cultivated plant

Fruit

A small tree, found as cultivated plant in home gardens.

Pakistan: Distributed in all four provinces as a cultivated plant. World: Cultivated in tropical areas of the world.

A small tree up to 2 m tall. Stem erect, branched, woody, and spiny with greenish bark. Leaves compound, alternate, and leaflets, petiolate, entire, green. Flowers white. Fruit oval, yellow with white seeds, pale, and acidic pulp (Fig. 3.39).

2 or 3 fresh fruits are collected daily by men, women, or children 12-40 years old, in late summer (September-October).

Family Name: Rutaceae

Recipes: (a) 3 tsp (20 mL) of fresh fruit juice and 3 tsp

(20 mL) of fresh Allium cepa juice are mixed and given to patients suffering from cholera and vomiting. For children, 1 tsp (5 mL) of juice (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 1-2 days. For adults, 2 tsp (10-12 mL) of juice (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days. (b) 4 cups (1 L) of water, 4 tsp (20-40 g) of sugar, and 1 tsp (8-10 g) of green tea are boiled together daily for 8-10 min, then filtered with a cloth or filtration pot, stored in a teapot, and given to patients suffering from fever. For children, 1 tsp (5 mL) of fresh juice is mixed with xh cup of decoction (green tea) (at one time) and given 2-3 times per day for 3-4 days. For adults, 2 tsp (12-15 mL) of fresh juice is mixed in 1 cup of decoction (at one time) and given 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days.

Diseases Cured: Cholera, fever, and vomiting.

Ethnobotanical Uses: Leaves are used as fodder by goats and sheep.

Phytochemicals: Votalile oil, citric acid, limonene, citral, linalool, linalyl acetate, terpinol, cymene, coumarins, isopimpinellin, bergapten, citropten, xanthyl-etin, phenolic compounds, as well as vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, essential oils, and carotenoids [30, 40].

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