Cassia fistula Linn

Family Name:

Caesalpinaceae

Local Name/English Name:

Flowering Period:

Status:

Part Used:

Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Kinjal/Golden shower tree

March-June

Uncommon

Whole plant (pods and seed) A medium-sized tree grown on dry and sunny land. Pakistan: Hazara, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Margalla Hills, and Haripur. World: Throughout the greater part of India, Burma, and Ceylon. A medium-sized evergreen tree up to 15 m tall. Stem erect, branched woody, with dark gray bark. Leaves compound, alternate. Flowers numerous, bright yellow in clusters. Fruit legume, cylindrical pod with 10-15 flat dark brown seeds (Fig. 3.34)._

100

3 Medicinal Plants Inventory

Family Name:

Caesalpinaceae

Medicinal Uses:

Collection:

5 kg of dried pods are collected by men and

children 14-40 years old, in winter (January-

May). These pods are broken, and the internal

pulp and seeds are collected. These seeds are

stored in glass or plastic bottles or in cotton

sacks for further use.

Recipes:

15-20 seeds (8-10 g) are boiled daily in 1 cup

(250 mL) of milk; 1-2 tsp (10-12 g) of sugar

is also added, and the mixture is boiled for

8-10 min. Then it is filtered with a cloth and

given to patients suffering from constipation

and stomach disorders. For children, xh cup

(125 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given

once daily for 3-4 days. For adults, 1-2 cups

(250-500 mL) of decoction (at one time) is

given once daily for 8-10 days.

Diseases Cured:

Constipation and stomach disorders.

Ethnobotanical Uses:

Wood is used for making light furniture, agricul-

tural implements, and tool handles, and as

mud roof thatching and fuel. Pods are sold

for cash.

Phytochemicals:

Anthraquinone, tannins, pholpaghenes, oxy

anthraquinone, resin, volatile oil, wax, resin,

anthraquinones, flavonoids, and flavan-3-ol

derivatives [30, 36].

3.4.17 Cedrela toona Roxb. ex Wild

Family Name:

Meliaceae

Local Name/

Neem, Guldar, Kanem/Toon tree

English Name:

Flowering Period:

April-June

Status:

Rare

Parts Used:

Leaves, bark, and wood

Habit/Habitat:

A tall tree, found in damp shady ravines and on hillsides.

Cedrela Toona
Fig. 3.35 Cedrela toona Roxb. ex Willd

Family Name: Meliaceae

Distribution: Pakistan: Hazara, Swat, Buner, Kaghan, Murree,

Poonch, Jhelum, and Margalla Hills. World: Burma, Java, Australia, and India.

Description: A tall tree up to 15 m in height. Stem erect, branched, and woody with dark brown bark. Leaves compound, 3-5 pairs, and entirely green, opposite, subsessile. Flowers creamy white, small, in clusters. Fruit capsule, single-seeded, and yellow (Fig. 3.35).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 5 kg of fresh leaves and 1-2 kg of bark are collected by men 20-40 years old. Leaves are collected in summer (April-August) and bark is peeled off in winter (November-March) with an ax. Leaves are dried in shade for 4-5 days and bark in sunlight for 2-3 days. Both bark and leaves are stored in cotton sacks for further use.

Family Name: Meliaceae

Recipes: (a) 250 g of dried leaves is ground for 10-15 min, and then 1-2 tsp (10-15 g) of common salt is mixed in. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from fever, diabetes, and skin diseases (allergy and pimples) and to purify the blood. For children, 1 tsp (4-6 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water once daily, in the morning, for 10-15 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (12-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water once daily, in the morning, for 15-20 days. (b) 125 g of dried bark is ground for 10-15 min. The powdered drug is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from dysentery or ulcers and to heal wounds. For children, 1 tsp (4-6 g) of drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water twice daily (morning-evening) for 3-4 days. For adults, 2-3 tsp (12-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of water twice daily (morning-evening) for 6-7 days.

Disease Cured: Fever, diabetes, dysentery, blood diseases, skin diseases

(allergy and pimples), ulcers, and wound healing.

Ethnobotanical Uses: Leaves are used as fodder by goats and sheep. Wood is used for making furniture, in construction, and as fuelwood.

Phytochemicals: Resin, gum, nyctanthin, flavones, glycosides, tannic acid, resin, citric acid, starch, ash; and essential oil consists of tricyclic acid, sesquiterpene, copaene, cadinene, cadinol, lactone, and cedrelone [37] .

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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