Cannabis sativa Linn

Family Name: Cannabinaceae

Local Name/English Name: Bhang/True hemp

Flowering Period: July-September

Status: Common

Part Used: Leaves

Fig. 3.32 Cannabis sativa Linn

Fig. 3.32 Cannabis sativa Linn

Plain Sativa Leaf

Family Name:

Cannabinaceae

Habit/Habitat: Distribution:

Description:

A common wild herb, mostly grows in moist and waste places near houses and alongside roads.

Pakistan: Common weed throughout the country. World: India, Central Asia, and tropical Africa. It is also cultivated elsewhere.

An annual herb up to 1 m tall. Stem erect, branched, herbaceous 4-8 ft, and angular. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate, and palmate; leaf lobes are sessile, narrow at the base, and upper surface is hairy green. Flowers numerous, pale yellow, small, and drooping. Female flowers erect; perianth a single entire leaf enclosing the ovary; style thread-like. Fruit yellowish-brown, an achine, enclosed in persistent leaf and single-seeded (Fig. 3.32).

Family Name: Cannabinaceae

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 1 kg of fresh leaves is collected by men 25-40

years old, in summer (May-August). Leaves are used in both fresh and dried forms; dried in shade for 2-4 days and then stored in a cloth sack for further use.

Recipes: (a) 150 g of fresh or dried leaves and 60-70 g of sugar are ground together for 7-8 min; then 1 cup (250 mL) of water is mixed into it. This mixture is then filtered with a piece of cloth and drunk by men 25-40 years old for general body inflammation, intoxication, and loss of appetite. For children, not used. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of filtrate is used once daily in the morning (9-11 a.m.) for 8-10 days. (b) xh kg of fresh leaves of Cannabis sativa is ground for 4-5 min and then mixed with xh kg of wheat flour, Triticum aestivum. Then 2-3 cups (500-750 mL) of water is added. This paste is given to cattle, goats, and sheep suffering from abdominal swelling and to improve hunger; 300 g of drug (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days.

Diseases Cured: Body inflammation, intoxication, loss of appetite in humans; abdominal swelling due to indigestion in cattle.

Ethnobotanical Uses: Plant is used as fodder for cattle and also as firewood when dry.

Phytochemicals: Volatile oil composed of cannabene, cannabine, alkaloids, cannabinone; a resin consists of cannabinol, pseudo cannabinol, cannabinin,

_and several terpenes [33]._

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