Browsing by goats and sheep is another problem. The absence of regeneration in most of the areas, especially in brushwood forests, is solely due to this unwanted practice. The population of the area has free and unrestricted rights for the free grazing and browsing of domestic cattle. Large flocks of goats and sheep from the Kaghan Valley come down to these forests during winter in addition to already existing goats and sheep in the villages. The privately owned areas for browsing are limited, and more often illicit browsing is done in the forest areas (Fig. 2.8).
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.