Bergenia ciliata Haw Sternb

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Family Name:

Saxifragaceae

Local Name/

English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Medicinal Uses: Collection:

Batpia, Zakham-e-Hayat/Stone breaker

March-May

Common

Rhizome

A perennial rhizomatous herb, found on rocky slope crevices in black loamy soil.

Pakistan: Hazara, Murree Hills, and Kaghan areas. World: Afghanistan, India, Bhutan, southernTibet, and Assam.

A small perennial rhizomatous herb with thick rootstock. Stem short, thick, fleshy, covered with persistent leaf bases, underground and dark brown. Leaves are simple, large, basal, rounded, leathery, petiolate, dark green, in autumn turning red with entire hairy margin. Flowers pinkish or pinkish-white, more than one in racemes with five sepals and petals. Fruit rounded, many-seeded capsule (Fig. 3.27).

1 kg of rhizome is collected by men 20-40 years old, in winter (August-January), and then cleaned and cut into small 1-2-in. pieces, dried in sunlight for 8-10 days, and then stored in cotton sacks or baskets for further use.

Family Name: Saxifragaceae

Recipes: (a) 150 g of dried rhizome is ground for 8-10 min. This powder is stored in a glass bottle and is given to patients suffering from ulcer, dysentery, back pain, internal and external wounds, and piles. For children, 1 tsp (6-8 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given twice daily (before breakfast and at bedtime) with 1 cup of milk for 4-8 days. For adults, 2 tsp (10-15 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given twice daily (before breakfast and at bedtime) with 1 cup (250 mL) of milk for 8-10 days.

(b) 150 g of dried rhizome is ground first for 6-7 min and then boiled in 1 cup (250 mL) of milk; 20-30 g of gum of Acacia arabica is also added. After 15-20 min of boiling, a paste (halwa) is formed, which is given to patients suffering from ulcer, back problems, and body pain. For children, not used. For adults, 2-3 tsp (15-20 g) of drug (at one time) is given twice daily (morning-evening) for 8-10 days.

(c) 150 g of fresh bark is ground for 8-10 min daily; 1 cup (250 mL) of water is also added. Then it is filtered with a cloth and given to patients suffering from piles. For children, not used. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of drug (at one time) is given once daily, before breakfast, for 10-15 days.

Diseases Cured: Ulcer, back pain, piles, dysentery, and external or internal wounds.

Phytochemicals: Tannic acid, gallic acid, starch, mineral salts, metarbin, albumen, glucose, mucilage, wax, ash, (+) - catechine and afzelechin [27-29] .

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