Beekeeping is currently becoming a most beneficial industry (Fig. 2.6). The flora of the Lesser Himalayas has great potential for honey beekeeping. A number of wild species are normally visited by the bees, including Acacia modesta, Bauhinia variegata, Brassica campestris, Carissa opaca, Dalbergia sissoo, Justicia adh-atoda, Punica granatum, Pyrus spp., Prunus spp., Zea mays, Beekeeping has been identified as a small-scale, nonland-based, off-farm activity that can facilitate the use of land resources without degrading them. Encouraging this industry in the area will stress to the local community the importance of keeping the flora alive as
well as being cautious about starting fires in the local forest, as fumigation badly disturbs beekeeping. Older people and women of the area can undertake this activity as a domestic industry. The association of wild animals with the is a natural phenomenon; for example, according to the older generation, there was a thriving population of barking deer when the vegetation of Dodonaea viscosa, Myrsine africana, Mallatous Phillipensis, and Olea ferruginea was dense, but due to habitat degradation, the barking deer population has also diminished. Several other animal species have become extinct, but they should be reintroduced to the area after rehabilitation.
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The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.