Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Part Used: Habit/Habitat:
Kunvargandel, Ghee kuvar, Elwa/Pakistani aloe
A wild as well as cultivated perennial herb, mostly found on rocky places in clay along with different grasses. It is cultivated by planting suckers, which are separated from mature plants. Pakistan: Sind, Punjab, Hazara, Haripur,
Rawalpindi, and Islamabad. World: Cultivated in different tropical regions of the world. A small prostrate perennial herb. Roots adventitious, arise from stem. Stem underground, thick rhizome. Leaves large, dull green to red, arise from underground stem, succulent with spinose margin, and sessile. Flowers orange-red, long funnel shape, pedicellated, and in racemes (Fig. 3.12).
Medicinal Uses: Collection:
5 to 6 fresh leaves are collected by men 25-40 years old, in winter (August-March). The leaves are washed in water 1-2 times, their rind is peeled off with a knife, and the pulp is collected.
(a) A mixture of 250 g of freshly collected pulp, 250 g of desighee (fat), 250 g of sugar, and 250 g of flour (sooji) is cooked together for 25-30 min. This sweet meal (halwa) is given to patients suffering from rheumatism, constipation, phlegm, indigestion, back problems, and body weakness. For children, not used. For adults, one plate of halwa (60-70 g) is given daily at bedtime for 10-15 days.
(b) 1 tsp (6-8 g) of fresh pulp (at one time) is applied on pimples, skin lesions, and inflamed parts of the body 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days.
Rheumatism, constipation, phlegm, body weakness, indigestion, back problem, pimples, and skin lesions; also used to cool inflamed body parts.
Chromanol, pteroyglutamic acid, aloe-emodin, quinone, d-glucitol, glucosamine, mono and penta saccharides, hexuronic acid, casan-thranol I and II, aloetic acid, sapogenin, glucoside, hecogenin, 2-amino-2 deoxy glucose, chrysophanic acid, m-protocate-chuic aldehyde, cellulose, proteinase, resins, and imidazole .
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