Acorus calamus L

Family Name:

Araceae

Local Name/English Name:

Flowering Period:

Status:

Part Used:

Habit/Habitat:

Distribution:

Description:

Skhawaja/Sweet flag, Calamus

April-October

Common

Rhizome

Rhizomatous herb of moist habitat. Pakistan: Chitral, Peshawar, Kashmir, Dir, Hazara, and Swat. World: North and Central America, Europe, and Asia. Perennial herb up to 80 cm tall. Rootstock stout, creeping with long fibrous roots from the lower surface. Stem erect, glabrous, grooved at one side, and ribbed at the opposite. Leaves linear, Spathe leaf-like, Spadix long, cylindrical, obtuse. Tepals long, oblong-obovate, slightly curved, margin membranous, surface with embedded raphides (Fig. 3.9).

Fig. 3.9 Acorus calamus L

Family Name: Araceae

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: Rhizomes are collected by women and children during late November to February.

Recipes: (a) Dried rhizomes are ground along with table salt. This powder is mixed with butter or ghee; tablets are made and are used with milk as a tonic, especially by women with irregular menstrual cycles. For children, not used. For adults, one tablet is given twice a day for 10-20 days.

(b) Fresh rhizomes are crushed and squeezed to get the extract. A little water is added. Both the extract and powder drug are used in colic, dyspepsia, and flatulence. For children: Half cup (125 mL) is used twice a day for 8-10 days. For adults: One cup (250 mL) thrice a day for 15-20 days.

Diseases Cured: Irregular menstrual cycle, colic, dyspepsia, and flatulence.

Family Name: Araceae

Phytochemicals: Hydrocarbon, acorin, trimethylamine asarone acorenone, beta-asarone, calamendiol, a-selinene, a-calacorene, calamusenone, camphone, and shyobunone, neutral lipids, glycolipids, phospholipids, fatty acids, and essential oil [8].

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