Local Name/English Name: Flowering Period: Status: Parts Used: Habit/Habitat:
Medicinal Uses: Collection:
Puth kanda, Kutri/Prickly chaff flowers
Fruit and roots
Wild annual herb, mostly grows in clay in waste places, along roads in association with different grasses.
Pakistan: Sind, Balouchistan, Waziristan,
Peshawar, Swat, Hazara, Multan, Rawalpindi, Jhelum, and Kashmir. World: Tropical regions of the world, including India, China, Japan, Indonesia, New Guinea, tropical Africa, and West Indies. A small herb up to 50 cm tall. Stem erect, branched, and herbaceous above, woody below, light green. Leaves simple, oval-shaped, long, entire, green, mature, have hairs on under surface. Flowers small, numerous, prickly, greenish to white. Fruit oblong or oval-shaped with brown seed (Fig. 3.22).
200 g of dried prickly fruit and 100 g of fresh roots are collected by men and women 20-40 years old, in winter (mostly October-February). Roots are cleaned and washed once or twice with water. (a) 200 g of dried fruit is placed on a hot iron plate, covered with another silver or iron lid, and burned for 5-10 min. This black-colored ash is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and is given to patients suffering from cough and asthma. For children, 3-4 g of ash powder (at one time) is mixed with 1 tsp (5-6 g) of honey and given 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. For adults, 2-10 g of ash powder (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days.
Family Name: Amranthaceae
(b) 100 g of fresh roots of Achyranthes aspera, 100 g of fresh roots of Boerhavia procumbens, and 8-10 grains of "black piper" are ground together for 4-5 min. This paste-like powder is then added into 2-3 cups (500-750 mL) of water, boiled for 4-5 min, and then filtered with a cloth. This decoction is given to patients suffering from kidney problem (stone). For children, not used. For adults, 1 cup (250 mL) of decoction (at one time) is given 2-3 times per day for 4-5 days.
Diseases Cured: Cough, asthma, and kidney stone.
Ethnobotanical Uses: The plant is also grazed by cattle.
Phytochemicals: Potash, saponin, oleanic acid, achyranthine,
N-methyl pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid, betaine, and vitamin C [21, 22].
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