Acacia nilotica Linn

Family Name:

Mimosaceae

Local Name/

Kikar/Black babul

English Name:

Flowering Period:

March-August

Yellow Weed Flowers
Fig. 3.21 Acacia nilotica Linn

Family Name: Mimosaceae

Status: Uncommon

Part Used: Whole plant

Habit/Habitat: A medium-sized tree, mostly found in dry and sunny places.

Distribution: Pakistan: Hazara, Taxila, Attock, Haripur, Margalla Hills, and Salt Range. World: Egypt, Mozambique, India, Burma, and Australia.

Description: Moderate-sized tree up to 10 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody, with blackish bark and reddish-brown wood. Leaves are compound, 10-20 pairs of leaflets, opposite, entire, small, rounded, white spines at the base of each leaf. Flowers are yellow. Fruit legume, dark brown, with 8-12 seeds (Fig. 3.21).

Medicinal Uses:

Collection: 4-5 kg of fresh bark, 250 g of fresh pods, 150 g of fresh gum, 150 g of fresh leaves, 150 g of fresh flowers, and 100 g of seeds are collected by men 25-40 years old. Leaves and flowers are collected in summer (March-July), whereas bark, gum, pods, and seeds are collected in winter (November-February). To collect the gum, an ax is used to make wounds in the stem in late summer and gum is collected in late winter (December-February). All these parts may be used in both fresh and dried forms; they are dried in shade and sunlight for 5-8 days and stored in cotton sacks or plastic or glass bottles.

Family Name: Mimosaceae

Recipes: (a) 5 kg of fresh bark of Acacia nilotica and 5 kg of fresh bark of Acacia modesta are boiled together in 2 L (2 jugs) of water for 1/ h. When only 4 cups (1000 mL) of water remain, it is filtered with a piece of cloth. Next, 250 g of Triticum vulgare grains is mixed in this filtrate and again boiled for 15-20 min. These grains are then dried in sunlight for 5-6 h and then ground for 8-10 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from gleet, leucorrhoea, and sexual debility. For children, not used. For adults, 1-2 tsp (10-12 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup of milk (250 mL), twice daily (morning-evening) for 10-15 days. (b) 60-70 g of dried bark, 20-25 g of dried leaves, 40-50 g of dried gum, 20-25 g of dried flowers, and 20-35 g of dried pods are ground together for 10-15 min. This powder is stored in a glass or plastic bottle and given to patients suffering from diarrhea, dysentery, tuberculosis, leucorrhoea, gleet, cough, phlegm, or sexual debility and to heal wounds. For children, / tsp (3-4 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 cup (250 mL) of milk 2-3 times per day for 2-3 days. For adults, 1 tsp (7-8 g) of powdered drug (at one time) is given with 1 glass of milk 2-3 times per day for 8-10 days. The drug's taste is bitter and its color is brownish. To heal wounds, 2-3 g of powdered drug (at one time) is sprinkled on a wound three times per day for 3-4 days.

Diseases Cured: Diarrhea, dysentery, cough, tuberculosis, phlegm, gleet, rheumatism, leucorrhoea, gleet, and sexual debility; also used to promote wound healing.

Ethnobotanical Leaves used as fodder by goats and sheep; twigs used as Uses: toothbrush by children; wood used as firewood when dry.

Phytochemicals: Tannins, octacosanol, B-amyrin, B-sitosterol, butelin quercestin, epicatechol gallate, gallic acid, D-catechol, epicatechol, dimer of D-catechol, protocatechuic acid, leucoiyanidin, 3-glucoside, isoquercitrin, leucocynaidin, B-oxaly diamine propionic acid, fatty acid, amino acid, 1-arabinose, catechol, galactan, glactoaraban, n-acetyld-

_jenkolic acid, pentosan, and saponin [20]._

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