Cuscuta Reflexa Medicinal Uses

Ikram M, Hussain SF (1978) Compendium of medicinal plants. P.C.S.I.R Laboratories, Peshawar, pp 23-147 2. Mangrio SM, Dahot MU, Leghari SM (1995) Chemical constituents of Equisetum debile Roxb. Pakistan J. Plants Sci 1(1) 41-48 3. Cooper MR, Johnson AW (1988) Poisonous plants and fungus. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, p 41 4. John JW, Coppen M, Robinson J, Kaushal AN (1988) Composition of xylem resin from Pinus wallichiana and P roxburghii. Phytochemistry 27(9) 2873-2875 5. Haq I,...

Boerhaavia procumbens Banks ex Roxb

Transverse Secton Bergenia Ciliata

A small herb, found in waste places in clay loamy soil. Pakistan Hazara, Swat, Malakan, Murree Hills, Margalla Hills, Attock, Rawalpindi, and Kaghan areas. World tropical Africa, tropical and subtropical Asia and America. A tall prostrate, diffuse herb up to 1 m in length. Root large, fusiform stems usually several, prostrate or ascending, branched, slender, cylindric, thickened at the nodes, minutely pubescent or nearly glabrous. Leaves long, broadly ovate or suborbicular, rounded at the apex,...

Achyranthes aspera Linn

Ajuga Bracteosa

Local Name English Name Flowering Period Status Parts Used Habit Habitat Puth kanda, Kutri Prickly chaff flowers Wild annual herb, mostly grows in clay in waste places, along roads in association with different grasses. Pakistan Sind, Balouchistan, Waziristan, Peshawar, Swat, Hazara, Multan, Rawalpindi, Jhelum, and Kashmir. World Tropical regions of the world, including India, China, Japan, Indonesia, New Guinea, tropical Africa, and West Indies. A small herb up to 50 cm tall. Stem erect,...

Olea ferruginea Royle

Local Name English Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat A common evergreen tree, found as self-growing plant in waste places in dry clay loam of lower elevations. Pakistan Hazara, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Murree, Salt Range, and Kashmir. World Found in Afghanistan, Nepal, and India. A medium-sized tree up to 15 m. Stem erect, branched, woody and hard, with dark gray bark. Leaves simple, opposite, entire, petiolate, lanceolate, upper fleshy dark green and lower yellowish-green...

Amaranthus viridis Linn

Amaranthus Viridis Weed Plant

Local Name English Name Flowering Period Status Parts Used Habit Habitat Ghinar, Chalwesy, Chanlai Green amaranth Common annual herb, mostly grows as weed in maize fields in clay loam. Pakistan Sind, Balouchistan, NWFP, Punjab, and Hazara. World Tropical and subtropical regions, including tropical Africa, China, India, Japan, Indonesia, New Guinea, and West Indies. Description An annual herb up to 1 m tall. Stem erect, branched, herbaceous, and green. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate,...

Brassica campestris Linn

Local Name English Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat Sarsoon, Wirai, Sarion Mustard November-April Common cultivated plant Whole plant A cultivated plant, mostly cultivated in or alongside wheat fields. Pakistan Cultivated in all four provinces. World Widely cultivated throughout the world, including Europe, Central Asia, and the Mediterranean region. A small herb up to 1 m tall. Roots cylindrical. Stem reduced at first but later becomes erect, herbaceous, branched hairy,...

Ajuga bracteosa Wall ex Benth

Local Name English Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat Kauri booti, Tarumbra Agriculture weed March-S eptember Common Whole plant A perennial pubescent herb, grows in sandy and clay soil in waste places. Pakistan Hazara, Waziristan, Balouchistan, Dir, Kurram, Swat, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Khudhab, and Kashmir. World Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Himalayas to Bhutan, Burma, China, and Malaysia. A small prostrate, pubescent herb up to 3-4 in. tall. Stem short, reduced...

Phyla nodiflora L Greene

Phyla Nodiflora

Local Name English Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat A prostrate perennial herb, found in sandy soil along water courses. Pakistan Sind, Karachi, Waziristan, Kurram, Balouchistan, Parachinar, Landi Kotal, Khyber, Kohat, Lowrer Hazara, Punjab Plain, and Kashmir. World Tropic and subtropic areas. A small prostrate perennial herb up to 2 ft in tall. Stem prostrate, branched, green, bears adventitious roots on nodes. Leaves simple, opposite, green, fleshy, toothed on upper half...

Carissa opaca Stapfex Haines

Carissa Opaca

Granda, Karaunda, Gorna Bengal current Fig. 3.33 Carrisa opaca Stapf. ex Haines Fig. 3.33 Carrisa opaca Stapf. ex Haines Wild spiny shrub, mostly grows in dry clay alongside Dodonia, Olea, and Punica species. Pakistan Hazara, Rawalpindi district, Margalla Hills, and Swat. World India, Burma, and Sri Lanka. A spiny shrub up to 2-3 m tall. Stem erect, branched, woody, young shoot with milky juice and straight hard spines. Spines are 20-30 cm long and bark is grayish. Leaves simple, opposite,...

Polygonatum verticillatum

Indian All Medicinal Plants With Name

Local Name English Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat A small perennial herb found in temperate areas. Distribution Pakistan Swat, Kurram Agency, Chitral, Dir, Kashmir, Gilgit, and Baltistan. World Southeast Tibet, W. Asia, Europe, Russia, and Afghanistan. Rhizomes tuber-like. Stem erect, angled, glabrous. Leaves in whorls of 3-6-8, occasionally alternate near base of stem, sometimes opposite near apex, subsessile, linear. Inflorescence flowered, perianth pale yellow. Fruit...

Chenopodium ambrosioides Linn

Kashni Weed

Local Name English Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat Waljuin, Chandan bathwa, Bathu Skunkweed Annual herb, mostly grows near houses in waste places as weed in clay loam. Pakistan Balouchistan, Peshawar, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, and Kashmir. World Widely distributed in the world, introduced into America from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild. An erect herb up to 1 m tall. Stem erect, branched, herbaceous, and green. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate, toothed, and...

Euphorbia prostrata

A prostrate herb, grows sandy waste places. Pakistan Karachi, Las Bela, Mach, Hazara, Islamabad, Pabbi, Pasrur, and Sakeser. World India and Java. Native to tropical and subtropical America. A small prostrate herb. Stem prostrate, weak, branched. Leaves simple, opposite, sessile, entire, oval-shaped. Branches small, soft, pinkish or red with milky latex. Flowers small and reddish in color Fig. 3.47 . 125 g of fresh leaves is collected by men and women 20-40 years old, in summer AprilSeptember ,...

Zizyphus oxyphylla Edgew

English Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat A large shrub to medium-sized tree, found mostly in waste places in dry clay. Pakistan Hazara, Dir, Swat, Murree Hills, Margalla Hills, Rawalpindi, and Jhelum Valley. World India, Southwest China, Taiwan, and Philippines. A large shrub or branched tree, and woody, with reddish-brown bark and spines. Leaves simple, alternate, entire, lanceolate, and green. Flowers yellowish. Fruit bright red, oval-shaped, drupe, single-seeded (Fig....

Otostegia limbata Benth Boiss

Otostegia Limbata Benth

Koi booi, Spina ghazai, Chotta kanda Otostegia A spiny shrub, mostly found in waste and dry Pakistan Hazara, Swat, Chitral, Kurram, Peshwar, Rawalpindi, Salt Range, Kashmir, Jhelum and Islamabad. World endemic to Kashmir India A small, bushy, branched, slender, and spiny shrub up to 2 ft tall. Stem erect, branched, woody, spiny, whitish or gray bark. Leaves small, oblanceolate with spiny bracts and short petiole. Flowers in axillary clusters, long, pale yellow Collection 50-60 g of fresh leaves...

Convolvulus arvensis Linn

Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat Liali, Khurry, Erlai Small bind weed A climbing, twining herb, found as weed in wheat fields and wet places in clay loam. Pakistan Common and widespread as a weed from Sindh to Baltistan. World Tropical and temperate regions. A small prostate or climbing herb. Stem weak, herbaceous, green, twining, and cylindrical. Leaves simple, alternate, petilate, entire, lanceolate, arrowhead-shaped with two lobes directed downward, sagittate to hastate....

Rosa brunonii Lindley

Tarni, Jangli gulab, Gulab gul Wild rose Pakistan Balouchistan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Gilgit, Murree, Poonch and Kashmir. World Burma, A climbing shrub up to 6 m tall. Stem climber, branched, woody, and prickly. Leaves compound, alternate, 5-9 leaflets, elliptic-lanceolate to elliptic-oblong, opposite, petiolate, toothed and green with imparipinnate stipules. Flowers white, in panicles, padiceliate. Fruit oval- shaped, subglobose, brown Fig. 3.79 . 50-70 g of fresh flowers is collected...

Bergenia ciliata Haw Sternb

English Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat Batpia, Zakham-e-Hayat Stone breaker A perennial rhizomatous herb, found on rocky slope crevices in black loamy soil. Pakistan Hazara, Murree Hills, and Kaghan areas. World Afghanistan, India, Bhutan, southernTibet, and Assam. A small perennial rhizomatous herb with thick rootstock. Stem short, thick, fleshy, covered with persistent leaf bases, underground and dark brown. Leaves are simple, large, basal, rounded, leathery, petiolate,...

Prunus persica Linn Batsch

Name Flowering Period Status Part Used Habit Habitat A small tree, found as cultivated plant near houses and in waste lands. Pakistan It is widely cultivated in both hilly and plain areas throughout the country. World Cultivated in northwest Himalaya, India, Tibet, and temperate and tropical regions of the world. A medium-sized tree up to 8 m tall. Stem erect, branched, and woody, with gray to red bark. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate, toothed, and green, usually provided with a pair of...