LIST Ol Plant Species Used In Aromatherapy

LATIN NAME

Abies spp.

Achillea m ilIefolii tin Allium sativum Allium sepa Alpin in galanga Ammi visnaga Amy I ■is balsa m if era Ariel hum graveolens A ngelica archungelica A niha rosaeodora A nthoxanthum odoratum A pi ttm graveolerts Artemisia annua Artemisia arbotvscens A rtem isia dracunculus Belu!a spp Busnellia carter! Bursera delpeehiana Cananga odorata Canarium luztmieum Carum can t Cedrus spp. Chamaemelum spp Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum zevlanicum Cistus ladaniferus Citrus aurantifolia Citrus a ii ran tin m 0/ni\~ auramiiim Citrus aurantium ssp. amara Citrus aurantium ssp. bergamia Citrus aurantium ssp, bergamia Citrus limi >ii Citrus paradisi

Citrus reticulata var. Mandarin dims reticulata var. Tangerine Citrus sinensis Commiphora myrtha Commiphora eiythraea Coriandrum sativum Cumimtm eymimim Cupi essus sempervirens Cymbopogon cilnnus Cymbopogon fiexuasus Cymbopogon martini ( \mbopogon tum!us Cyperus rotundas Dam ns carota El let aria catxiamomum Engenm canadensis Eucalyptus spp. Ferula galbaniflua Foenicultim vulgare Caultheria procumbens Helichrysum angustifiilium Humulus lupulus Hypericum perforatum H\>s$opus I yfficinaLis lllicium verum Inula graveolens Jasmimum officinale

ENGLISH NAME

Yarrow

Garlic

Onion

Galanga! root K hell a Amvris Dill"

Angelica Rosewood Flouve Celery seed Wormwood sw eet Mugwofl greater Tarragon Birch"

Frankincense

Linaloe herr>'

Ylang Viang

Elemi

Caraway

Cedarwood

Chamomile Roman

Camphor

Cinnamon leaf

Cistus

Lime

Bitter orange (peel)

Neroli bigarade (flower)

Petitgrain (leaf)

Bergamo! (peel)

Petitgrain bergamia"

Lemon

Grapefruit

Mandarin

Tangarine

Sweet orange

Myrrh

Opopanax

Coriander

Cumin seed

Cypress

Lemongrass citratus

Lemongrass llextiosus

Palmarosa

Citronella

Turmeric

Carrot seed

Cardamon

Flea banc

Eucalyptus

Galbanum

Fennel

Wintergreen

Curr\: plant

Hop"

St. John's won Hyssop Anise star Inula Jasmine

LATIN NAME (cont)

ENGLISH NAME (cont)

Juniperus communis

Juniper

Lan tana cama ra

Lantana

Lauras nobilis

Laurel leaf

Lavandula spp.

Lavender

Lavandula x intermedia 'super' Lavandin

L eptospermum scoparium

Manuka

Leptasiiennitm (Kunzeai erkoides Kanuka

Levisticum officinale

Lovagc

Lippia ciuiodora

Verbena true

Lit sea cubeba

May chang

Matricaria spp.

Chamomile German

.1 lelaleuca altern ifolia

l ea tree

Melaleuca ieucadcndron

Cajuput

Melaleuca quimquenenia

Niaouli

Melissa officinalis

Melissa

Mentha citrata

Mint bergamont

Mentha pulegium

Pennyroyal

Mentha spp.

Mint

Myristica fragrans

Nutmeg

Mvrarylon pereirae

Peru balsam

Myroxylon balsa mum

Tolu balsam

Myrtus communis

Myrtle

Nardostachy s jatamans i

Spikenard

Nepeta cataria

Catnip

Ocimum spp

Basil

Origanum spp

Orégano

Pelargonium spp.

Geranium

Petmselin um sati\um

Parsley seed

Picea marin na

Spruce (black)

Pinien tu dioica

Pimento berrv

Pinien tu racemosa

Bay

Pimpinella anisum

Aniseed

Pin us sylvestris

Pine

Piper cubeba

Cuheb seed

Piper nigrum

Blaek pepper

Pogostemon patchouli

Patchouli

Prun us a mygda Ins

Almond

Pseudotsuga spp.

Fir douglas

Ravenscira aromatica

Ravensara

Rosa centifolia

Rose otto

Rosmarinus officinalis

Rosemary

Salvia lavandulaefolia

Sage Spanish

Salvia officinalis

Sage

Salvia sei urea

Clary

Salvia triloba

Sage Cretan

Santalum album

Sandalwood

Satureja horten sis

Summer savory

Satureja m on tuna

Winter savory

Satureja thymbra

Savory thyme-leaved

Styrax benzoin

Benzoin

Syzygitun aromatic um

Clove bud

Tagetes glandulifera

Tagetes

Thuja occidental is

Thuja

Thymus spp.

Thyme

Tilia eunapaea

Linden blossom

Tsuga canadensis

Eastern hemlock

Turnera diffusa

Damiana

Valeriana officinalis

Valerian

Vein era zizanloides

Ve liver

1 iola odorata

Violet leaf

litex agnus-castus

Chaste-tree

Zingiber officinale

Aglycone the non-carbohydrate portion of a glycoside.

A/ulene cyclopentacyclohepiene [C HJ. insoluble in water, intensely blue with naphthalene odour: precursor to chamazulene in plants.

Calyx die sepals collectively, forming the outer whorl of the tlower.

Carpophore the part of a flower axis to which carpels are attached. The extension of the stem which div ides into two and to which each single seed is attached (Umbelliferae),

Commissural face the inner surface of a seed pair to which both seeds are attached.

Critical point (drying) the temperature and pressure of a substance at which the densities of the liquid and gaseous states are identical. At this point there is no meniscus and artifacts caused by surface tension arc avoided.

Cryogenic fixation a method of mechanical fixation avoiding chemical artifacts where a specimen is quickly frozen at a very low temperature, usually-210"C in Nitrogen slush and examined microscopically in the frozen state.

Cuticle an outer skin or pellicle, sometimes referring to the epidermis as a whole, especially when impermeable to water; (bot.) layer of waxy material, cutin. on the outer wall of epidermal cells in many plants, making them fairly impermeable to water.

Cutin a wax-like or fatty substance impregnating epidemial walls of plant cells and also forming a separate layer, the cuticle, on the outer wall of the epidermis in plants making the surface impermeable to water.

Cytoplasm all the living pans of a cell inside the cell membrane and excluding the nucleus.

Endocarp the innermost layer of pericarp of fruit, usually fibrous, hard or stony, as the "stone" enclosing the seed in plums, cherries, etc.

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) extensive, convoluted internal membrane in cells, continuous with the outer nuclear membrane and enclosing a continuous internal space (lumen). Involved in the synthesis and transpon of membrane proteins and iipids and of material destined for secretion from the cell.

Epithelium sheet of cells tightly bound together, lining any internal or external surface in multicellular organisms, Epithelia variously serve protective, secretory or absorptive functions.

Essential oils mixtures of various volatile oils derived from benzenes and tcrpenes found in plants and producing characteristic odours. Having various functions such as attracting insects or warding olTfungal attacks.

Flavedo the outer layer, or rind, ofpericarp in citrus fruits.

Glycoside any class of compound which on hydrolysis gives a sugar and a non-sugar residue.

Isopentenyl pyrophosphate biogenetic precursor of terpenes [C,HJ.

Lacuna space or cavity.

Leu cop la st (id) colourless plaslid that develops intochloroplasts, etc.

Lignin a hard material found in walls of cells of xylem in plants, a very variable cross-linked polymer which stiffens the cell wall.

Lipophilic relating to or having a strong affinity for fats and other lipids.

Lumen internal space of any tubular or sac-like organ or sub-cellular organelle.

Mesocarp the middle layer of the pericarp e.g. comprising the flesh of fruits such as plums and cherries.

Mitochondria organelles in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, having a double membrane, important for energy production and genetic coding.

Parenchyma soft plant tissue composed of thin-walled, relatively undifferentiated cells which may vary in structure and function.

Pericarp the tissues of fruit that develop from the ovary wall, comprising an outer skin, sometimes a fleshy mesocarp and an inner endocarp,

Perisperm in some seeds, a storage tissue formed by proliferation of the nucleus rather than the endosperm.

Phloem the principal lood-condueting tissue of vascular plants extending throughout the plant body. It is composed of elongated conducting vessels and sieve tubes (in angiosperms), both containing clusters of pores (sieve areas) in the walls through which the protoplasts of adjacent cells communicate. Sugars and amino acids arc the main nutrients transported via the phloem. Parenchymatous companion cells closely associated with the conducting elements are involved in the delivery to- and uptake of- material from the phloem.

Plasmodesmata cytoplasmic threads running transversely through plant cell walls and connecting cytoplasm of adjacent cells.

Plastid one of a class of cytoplasmic organelles, including chloroplasts, found in plants and cukaryotic algae. Bounded by a double membrane and containing DN A.

Proliferation increase by frequent and repeated reproduction; increase by cell division.

Protoplast the living component of a cell, i.e. the protoplasm not including any eel! wall.

Rhizome thick horizontal stem, usually underground, bearing buds and scale leaves and sending out shoots from above and below.

Secondary metabolites compounds produced by plants and microbcs, e.g. antibiotics, alkaloids, and flower pigments that are not essential to the growth of the organism.

Secretory tissues cells and tissues that secrete substances such as digestive enzymes, polypeptide hormones, neuro-transmitters or complex material such as mucus, slime, fragrances, etc.

Senescence advancing age; the complex ageing processes that eventually lead to death.

Thujone [Ct0HjhO] a toxic constituent of many essential oils. A colourless liquid practically insoluble in water,

Tracheid a type of water-conducting xylem cell present in all vascular plants with lignified secondary cell wall usually containing spiral thickening or bordered pits.

Trichome any of various outgrowths of the epidermis in plants including branched and unbranched hairs, vesicles, hooks, spines and stinging hairs; ahair tuft.

Xylem the main water-conducting tissue in vascular plants extending throughout the whole plant, involved in storage, support and the transport of minerals and nutrients. Xylem is composed of tracheary elements: tracheids and (in angiosperms) vessel elements. Both are elongated, hollow cclls with thickened, usually heavily-lignified walls and lacking protoplasts when mature. They are joined end-to-end to form a continuous, conducting lube.

INDEX < ENGLISH NAMES

Cage no;

Basil 15

Bog myrtle 16

Caraway 17

Catmint 18

Cedar 19

Chamomile. Roman 20

Citrus 21

Clove 22

Cumin 23

Dragonhead 24

Eucalyptus 26

Frankincense 27

Ginger 30

Hyssop 31

Juniper 32

Korean mint 33

Lavender 34

Lemon balm 35

Lovage 36

Marjoram 37

Myrrh 28

Nutmeg 38

Orchid, lady's slipper 39

Oregano 40

Oregano. Greek 41

Peppermint 42

Perilla 43

Plantain 44

Rosemary 46

Sage 47

Tansy 48

Wormwood 50

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Aromatherapy Ambiance

Aromatherapy Ambiance

Aromatherapy, a word often associated with calm, sweet smelling and relaxing surroundings. Made famous for its mostly relaxing indulgent  feature, using aromatherapy has also been known to be related to have medicinal qualities.

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