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Table 4.2. Antifungal plants

See also Chaumont and Bourgeois (1978) and Chaumont and Senet (1978).

Plant

Part used

Active constituent(s)

Acts on/action

References

Alpinia speciosa c. A. officinarum and allied species A rgemone mexicana

Bidens pilosa

Carica papaya

Chlorophora excelsa (iroko)

Rhizome

Flavonoids

Cocos nucĂ­fera

Desmodium gangeticum

Leaves, stems, Berberine, chelerythrine root

Seeds Sanguinarine (toxic)

Leaves Phenylheptatriyene (phototoxic polyacetylene, external use)

Seeds Benzylisothiocyanate

Wood (leaves) Chlorophorin (phenol)

Nutshell Phenols

Roots

Haemaloxylon campechianum Wood Hygrophyla auriculata syn. Plant

(Asteracantha longifolia)

Hymenocallis littoralis Plant

Lepidium sativum c. & nat. Plant

Phyllanthus niruri Roots

Piper nigrum Seeds

Ricinus communis Oil

Tannins in related species, indole alkaloids Ethylgallate Steroid and triterpene glycosides

Lycorine

Glucotropeolin essential oil withsenevols

Glycoflavones(kaempferol4'-and eryodictyol 7-rhamnopyrosid

Essential oil

Undecylenic acid prepared from oil

Trichophyton rubrum, Tr. mentagrophytes, Epidermophyton floccosum and antibacterial Antibacterial (Table 4.1), antiprotozoal (Leishmania, Trypanosoma lewis) Pkymatotrichum microsporum Anti -Candida albicans, wounds, ulcers, also toxic to certain insects and larvae, reacts with DNA and kills human fibroblast cells (concentration lOppm) Antifungal in skin diseases, antibacterial Fungicidal (Rhinosporidium flavipes and Rh. lucifungus) and antibiotic, acts also against termites

Antifungal against 3 Microsporum and 4 Trichophyton spp. (100 /xg/ml), and 1 Epidermophyton sp. (200 p-.g/'ml), antitubercular Antifungal, antibacterial

Mycobacterium Trichophyton rubrum Tr. mentagrophytes, Mycobacterium gypseum, Candida albicans, also acts on N. gonorrhoea Antifungal, antitubercular

Fungicidal and bactericidal

Ringworm (tinea cruris), ulcers, scabies, jaundice Fungicidal

Fungistatic and antibacterial Tinea spp., moniliases

Adgina(1972)

Greathouse ( 1939) Morton (1962) Degener(1975) WateiaZ. (1978,1979) Tomassini and Mathos ( 1979)

Lewis and Elvin-Lewis (1977)

Gaind and Singla (1966) MalathietaZ. (1959)

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