Source of rootstock

Grafting experiments between M. indica and other species are reported in the literature, for example budding of M. indica on M. foetida and M. odorata in Java (Ochse and Bakhuizen, 1931), M. odorata on M. indica in the Philippines (Wester, 1920), and M. indica on M. zeylanica in Sri Lanka (Gunaratman, 1946).

Mangifera indica 'Madu' in Java, and M. laurina in Sabah have been used as rootstocks for M. casturi. Trials of grafted M. caesia on M. indica (Wester, 1920) and M. indica on M. kemanga or M. caesia (Ochse and Bakhuizen, 1931) were unsuccessful, as these two species have distinct bark features and only remote affinity with the common mango. Better compatibility can be expected using species more closely related to the common mango within the subgenus Mangifera. In West Kalimantan, M. laurina is occasionally used as a rootstock for the common mango on periodically inundated riverbanks. It has been tried as a rootstock by the Department of Agriculture in Sabah (Lamb, 1987). Campbell (2004) reported that M. casturi, M. griffithii, M. laurina, M. odorata, M. pentandra and M. zeylanica grafted on M. indica had a high percentage of success.

Several species that can grow in permanently inundated areas (i.e. M. gedebe, M. quadrifida, M. griffithii and other species of the section Rawa) represent a potential source of rootstock for the development of mango cultivation on poorly drained soils or in areas liable to prolonged flood. Other species may be a source of dwarfing rootstocks.

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