Ambika Mango Hybrid In India

Intervarietal hybridization in India has resulted in the release of many culti-vars. The work at Sabour initially yielded two promising hybrids: 'Mahmood Bahar' and 'Probashanker', both combinations of 'Bombay' and 'Kalapady' (Roy et al., 1956). Subsequently, four more hybrids have been developed. These are: 'Sundar Langra' ('Sardar Pasand' x 'Langra') having 'Langra' quality and regular bearing habit; 'Alfazli' ('Alphonso' x 'Fazli') with 'Fazli' quality and early ripening; 'Sabri' ('Gulabkhas' x 'Bombai') having 'Bombai' fruit shape and colour of 'Gulabkhas' with regular bearing habit; and 'Jawa-har' ('Gulabkhas' x 'Mahmood Bahar') having high pulp and early bearing habit (Hoda and Ramkumar, 1993). Developed in Kodur, the hybrid 'Swarna-jehangir', combining the high quality of 'Jehangir' and the attractive colour of 'Chinnaswarnarekha', is a prolific bearer and is the best of all hybrids developed at this centre. The other hybrids released from Kodur are 'Neeludin' ('Neelum' x 'Himayuddin'), 'Neelgoa' ('Neelum' x 'Yerra Mulgoa') and 'Neeleshan' ('Neelum' x 'Baneshan').

Two excellent, regular-bearing hybrids, 'Mallika' and 'Amrapali', were developed and released by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi (Singh et al., 1972). 'Mallika' is a hybrid between 'Neelum' and 'Dashehari' with a high total soluble solids (TSS) content, a higher percentage of pulp, fibreless flesh and a fruit size of about300 g. 'Amrapali' ('Dashehari' x 'Nee-lum') is precocious, distinctly dwarf and hence amenable to high-density planting, a regular bearer with excellent quality and is also very rich in vitamin A. Recently, two more cultivars, 'Arunima' ('Amrapali' x 'Sensation') and 'Pusa Surya' (a selection from 'Eldon') have been released from the IARI. A promising mango hybrid 'Ambika', a cross between 'Amrapali' and 'Janardhan Pasand', having a yellow colour with red blush, firm flesh and scanty fibre was released from the Central Institute of Sub-Tropical Horticulture, Lucknow.

Four hybrid cultivars were released from the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research in Bangalore: 'Arka Aruna' ('Banganapalli' x 'Alphonso'), 'Arka Puneet' ('Alphonso' x 'Banganapalli'), 'Arka Anmol' ('Alphonso' x 'Janardhan Pasand') and 'Arka Neelkiran' ('Alphonso' x 'Neelum'). 'Arka Aruna' is dwarf, and large fruited with a high percentage of pulp and high TSS content. It is ideal for homesteads. 'Arka Puneet' is very similar to

'Alphonso' but free of 'spongy tissue', has a good shelf life and is not susceptible to fruit fly attack. 'Arka Anmol' is a heavy bearer with good keeping quality (Iyer and Subramanyam, 1993). 'Arka Neelkiran' is free of spongy tissue and has excellent skin colour.

'Ratna' is a cross between 'Alphonso' and 'Neelum' that was carried out at the Fruit Research Station, Vengurla, Maharashtra; it has a larger fruit size, fruit quality similar to 'Alphonso' and is free of 'spongy tissue' (Salvi and Gunjate, 1988). A parthenocarpic mango cultivar, 'Sindhu', has been developed at this station as a result of back-crossing 'Ratna' with 'Alphonso' (Gunjate and Burondkar, 1993).

Two hybrid cultivars were released from the Fruit Research Station in Sangareddy, Andhra Pradesh. 'Au-Rumani' ('Rumani' x 'Mulgoa') is a regular and prolific bearer with fibreless flesh. 'Manjira' ('Rumani' x 'Neelum') is a dwarf, regular and prolific bearer with good quality fruits.

The Paria Research Station in Gujarat developed three mango hybrids, 'Neelphonso' ('Neelum' x 'Alphonso'), 'Neeleshan Gujarat' ('Neelum' x 'Bane-shan') and 'Neeleshwar' ('Neelum' x 'Dashehari'). These hybrids are superior in TSS, total sugars and vitamin C, in addition to their dwarfing habit, with respect to their parents (Sachan et al., 1988).

Was this article helpful?

+3 -3
How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment