Domestication of mango

It is probable that mango cultivation originated in India, where De Candolle 1884 estimated that mango cultivation appeared to have begun at least 4000 years ago. In the early period of domestication, mango trees probably yielded small fruit with thin flesh. Such fruit can be found today in north-eastern India and in the Andaman Islands Anonymous, 1992 . Folk selections of superior seedlings over many hundreds of years would have resulted in larger fruit with thicker flesh. Mukherjee 1950a, b...

Anthesis and dehiscence

Floral anthesis generally occurs at night in polyembryonic cultivars Wagle, 1929 Torres, 1931 Galang and Lazo, 1937 Pimentel et al, 1984 and at night or early morning in monoembryonic types Popenoe, 1917 Musahib-ud-din and Dinsa, 1946 Singh, 1954a Randhawa and Damodaran, 1961a, b . Subsequent dehiscence of the four-lobed anthers occurs during the daylight morning hours revealing pale blue pollen grains Torres, 1931 Galang and Lazo, 1937 Mallik, 1957 L.B. Singh, 1960 . Anthesis and anther...

Ambika Mango Hybrid In India

Intervarietal hybridization in India has resulted in the release of many culti-vars. The work at Sabour initially yielded two promising hybrids 'Mahmood Bahar' and 'Probashanker', both combinations of 'Bombay' and 'Kalapady' Roy et al., 1956 . Subsequently, four more hybrids have been developed. These are 'Sundar Langra' 'Sardar Pasand' x 'Langra' having 'Langra' quality and regular bearing habit 'Alfazli' 'Alphonso' x 'Fazli' with 'Fazli' quality and early ripening 'Sabri' 'Gulabkhas' x...

Floral biology and pollination

The mango inflorescence is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds. Both perfect hermaphrodite and staminate male flowers occur in the same inflorescence. The total number of flowers in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar Mukherjee, 1953 . Initial fruit set in mango is directly related to the proportion of perfect flowers, although the final fruit set does not necessarily depend on this ratio Iyer et al., 1989 ....