Landscaping Designs

7250 Landscaping Designs

Helen Whitfield brings you the definitive ebook about ideas for your lawn and home. You will get all the best ideas to make the most beautiful landscape for your own lawn, with personalized tips for your unique type of lawn. Far too many landscapers prefer to overcharge you rather than give you a good deal on your lawn. Do not let these people rip you off; go ahead and learn the tips that they already know to be able to make the best lawn that you possibly can! It takes less effort than you might think to make an awesome lawn And you do not have to shell out massive amounts of money to get your lawn looking like something right out of a magazine. This ebook answers all of the questions that you might have about landscaping, and gives you all of the ideas that you need to make a great lawn of your own! Read more...

7250 Landscaping Designs Summary


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Of all books related to the topic, I love reading this e-book because of its well-planned flow of content. Even a beginner like me can easily gain huge amount of knowledge in a short period.

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Landscaping Silviculture and Forest Management in the WUI

Landscaping for fire protection starts with clearing of all flammable vegetation at least 30 m around the house. The cleared native vegetation can be replaced by drought tolerant species with low ignitability, and low fuel volume. FIRESMART (2003) provides a list of the desirable attributes of fire-resistive vegetation. Trees should be spaced far enough apart that their crowns will still be separated when full-grown and they will not overhang the house.

Silvicultural options to increase plantation biodiversity

Silvicultural options to establish, maintain or enhance biodiversity values exist at the different planning levels (see Kerr, 1999, for a discussion of the options). Habitat or habitat components can be influenced at the tree neighbourhood level (Coates and Burton, 1997), stand level (e.g. Geldenhuys, 1997 Hartley, 2002 Lindenmayer and Franklin, 2002 Watt et al, 2002 Montes et al, 2005 Brown et al, 2006) as well as the landscape level (e.g. Lindenmayer and Hobbs, 2004 Tubelis et al, 2004 Montes et al, 2005), while the matrix and corridor function of plantations and the buffering of native ecosystems is clearly an issue for estate or landscape planning (Bone et al, 1997 Tubelis et al, 2004 Nasi et al, 2008). Therefore, silvicultural prescriptions are just one element in an overall plan to achieve certain biodiversity goals in plantations (Figure 5.2).

Challenges to Urban Forest Management

The increasing needs as well as difficulties to think and act in a more multidisciplinar) way have been pointed out by many. A reason for the lack of a multidisciplinary approach is that we most often tend to organize the world in black and white, opposing specialists and laymen this trend is strongly supported by science focusing on specialization. This also strongly influences the field of urban forest and landscape management. Still, even though most people probably admit that it is important for a manager to have a wide view, most current educational programs are highly dominated by one particular, traditional discipline. Experts are mostly trained according to cultural or ecological tradition, biodiversity ethics or aesthetics, a countryside or an inner-city tradition, a technical-biological or design approach. Research has confirmed that different educational backgrounds highly influence the way of thinking. When considering some of the leading disciplines within green area and...

Commercial collection

More recently, commercial plant collecting on the southeastern Ivory Coast of Africa was responsible for reduced abundance of the epiphytic fern Platycerium stemaria, with note of the commercial value associated with nursery-grown or wild-collected epiphytic ferns across the globe (Porembski and Biedinger, 2001). Tree ferns are also important in the horticultural trade for landscaping, while their trunks are valued for orchid-growing medium and substrate. All species of the tree-fern family Cyatheaceae, all American species of Dicksonia (Dickso-niaceae), and Cibotium barometz (Cibotiaceae) (Zhang et al., 2002) are listed in Appendix II of the Convention of International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) for trade monitoring. In 1997, export trade of C. barometz from China was prohibited due to the large quantities of individuals harvested and observations of reduced wild populations (Zhang et al., 2002). In Australia, Dicksonia antarctica was investigated for sustainable production...

Aesthetics of Scenery Care and Wilderness and Their Integration into Management

During the last five or six decades, additional design contributions have been made by the dominance of modernism in landscape design and architecture across Europe. The aesthetics of scenery should also be considered as of crucial importance. Besides, new combinations and approaches are there to be discovered.

Step 2 Agree what contributions plantation forests should make to the delivery of ecosystem goods and services and

Are realized consistent with the principles of sustainable forest management. In practice, this step requires conservation planning and management on a bioregional basis planning and management on a catchment basis landscape planning and management at appropriate, variable scales down to the level of forest stands and the consideration of various land-use and management options. These planning and management processes will also need to respect forest and other landscape components of particular significance, such as those of high conservation or cultural value, and societal values more generally. They also require consideration of the form, composition and management of plantation forests that are appropriate and feasible in each particular context.

Higher Education in Urban Forestry in Europe

The results show that 61 educational departments at 49 institutions for higher education provide some sort of urban forestry education. In total these represented 31 full degree programs and 191 courses and modules. Among the 31 programs said to deal with urban forestry, only 8 explicitly had the term urban forestry (or community forestry as focusing on urban areas) in their title (Table 17.1). Other keywords in degree program titles were landscape architecture, design and planning, (landscape) gardening and horticulture. Four of the programs were titled 'arboriculture', thus suggesting a focus on individual tree care. Some titles suggest that programs had little in common with urban forestry education.

The Global Perspective

One of the well-established urban forestry programs in the USA is that of the University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point (see Miller 2001). Since 1975, a BSc in Urban Forestry has been offered and student numbers have shown a steady increase, from 5065 on average to about 120 in 2001. The Urban Forestry program is situated within the 'Forestry' maj or, implying the graduate is both a traditionally trained forester and urban forester. Students take the full range of forestry courses with an additional number of urban forestry courses. Examples of courses taught are urban forestry, amenity forestry, arboriculture, tree structure and function, turf management, recreation, landscape design, public relations and urban trees and shrubs. A small review by Miller indicates that employment opportunities for graduates have been excellent, with many starting at private sector entry-jobs such as employment with commercial arborists, public utilities, nurseries and landscape contractors. There are...

Pathogens predators and invasive species

Island flora and fauna are often particularly vulnerable to negative impacts of introduced or invasive species, as has been shown in the Galiapagos Islands (Schofield, 1989). Ferns that are not native to an area, especially in island ecosystems with a highly endemic fern flora, can also displace and out-compete native species. There are a total of 32 naturalized alien ferns in Hawaii, of which two are new species established since 1996 (Wilson, 2002). As with other non-native biota, alien ferns and lycophytes are often introduced intentionally for horticultural and landscaping purposes, subsequently escaping cultivation and becoming naturalized. This has been the case in the Hawaiian Islands for the introduced Australian tree fern, Sphaeropteris cooperi, which is fast growing and considered extremely hazardous to Hawaiian ecosystems due to its likely displacement of the endemic, slower-growing Cibotium tree ferns, and it has spread from Oahu to Maui, Kauai, and Hawaii (Palmer, 2003).

Exploiting the Impact of Drought Stress on Plant Physiology

The potential of exploiting plant responses to dry soil substrate is not confined to food production. In landscaping under semi-arid conditions, transplantation is more likely to result in successful growth if the plants have been pre-conditioned to dry conditions. Thus deficit irrigation is increasingly being used in the production of ornamental nursery stock with reduced shoot height and or leaf area, increased root-collar diameter, root growth potential, and root shoot ratio, increased osmotic adjustment and water use efficiency, and low stomatal conductance, leaf water and turgor potentials, and relative water content (Franco et al. 2006). Variations on the idea of deficit irrigation can be applied to this end - for example Banon et al. (2006) exposed Nerium oleander seedlings to both deficit irrigation and low air humidity on the nursery, prior to transplant, with the result that mortality after transplant was reduced from 92 to 32 compared to control plants Franco et al. (2006)...

Plastic Grass The Artificial Weed

My grandfather's back porch was one of the very few interactions I've had with any sort of artificial grass aside from the odd round of miniature golf here and there. It certainly was not on my mind, years later, when, as a new professor, I was invited to a meeting to discuss the landscaping of a new soccer field. The old soccer field had potholes and weeds, so improvements were required to eliminate both. Our campus had been herbicide-free for more than three years, and according to senior administrative officials the current state of weedi-ness on campus was upsetting some alumnae and perhaps some trustees. It seemed our herbicide-free status was threatened.

Catalpa bigrtonioides

Catalpa Uses Medicinal

Ever ask the local nursery for a catalpa Chances are it has none to offer, Southern Catalpa and the related species nearly qualify for dinosaur status in the landscape world. The flowers are quite attractive, however, and the bold coarseness of the large leaves adds t ex-tural interest. Catalpa bignonioides is a rounded to broad-rounded tree, with an irregular crown composed of short, crooked branches. The 4- to 8-in,- long and wide leaves are light green and seldom display a hint of fall color. White, tubular-flaring, 2-in,- long and wide Mowers occur in tt- to 10-in - high and wide panicles in June, about two weeks after those of C speciosaf Northern Catalpa, Lach llower has two ridges and two rows of yellow spots and numerous purple spots on the tube and tower lobe. The 6- to l5-in.-long, beanlike (capsule) fruit occur in prodigious quantities and provide the basis for the common name Indian Bean,* Tremendously tolerant of adverse soil conditions. Generally, the cultivars are more...

Developments in Europe

Across Europe, other institutions have developed urban forestry programs. Most have had a national scope, and many have in recent years experienced difficulties in rooting itself - in several cases due to lack of students. To our knowledge urban forestry related programs have been offered or are under preparation in the following countries Ireland, The Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Greece, Italy and Denmark Sweden. Examples of programs are provided in Boxes 17.1 and 17.2. Based on their long tradition in urban green establishment, forestry, landscape architecture and landscape planning, the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University of Copenhagen, Denmark and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences have developed, jointly with other partners, a Master education in Urban Forestry and Urban Greening. This program will have an international scope and starts in autumn 2005.

Plantations as designer ecosystems

One of the important challenges to facilitate schemes such as PES or other reward systems and to facilitate sound landscape planning is to develop ways to measure the ecological functions of plantations (Hartley, 2002 Dudley, 2005). If in future, plantation design and management should consider more fully the whole range of ecosystem goods and services, both agreed systems for valuing goods and services (see Chapter 2) and a good understanding about the compatibility, and possible trade-offs and synergies among ecosystem goods and services are required.

Botanical Gardens and Arboreta

Botanical gardens and arboreta may be based on a design that gathers the trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants in their respective taxonomic groups. Or, they may be grouped according to the region of the world where the plant grows in its native environment. Often, plants are used to create small, landscaped display gardens such as a rhododendron, wildflower, medicinal, or Japanese style garden, or examples of gardens for the home landscape.

Curator of a Botanical Garden

The curator is responsible for the maintenance, development, and control of all collections, including living collections and herbarium and spirit-preserved collections. The curator is also responsible for periodic review and maintenance of garden design in the context of an overall plan. Specific duties include

Urban Soils in Europe

Soils are one of the most important natural resources and act as the interface between atmosphere, lithosphere and plants. The rapid sprawl of urban areas leads to soil degradation or total soil loss. Thus, the public awareness for soil science activities especially in urban areas increases, and the attitude of city planners, landscape architects, and contractors towards urban soils has changed. Just in his 1992 book Urban Soils in Landscape Design, Craul defined urban soils as being 'a soil material having a non-agricultural, manufactured surface layer more than 50 cm thick, which has been produced by mixing, filling, or by contamination of land surfaces in urban and suburban areas'. Only in 1999 the same author had to revise this generalizing definition, because it can be applied neither for the US nor for the European situation. The key roles of soils in any terrestrial ecosystem are to

Fire Control and Safety in the WUI

A combination of legislation, land-use planning, landscape design, and structural design is necessary to alleviate the fire safety problem at the WUI Land-use plans should create zones of fire hazard severity. Legislative regulations should provide for maximum housing density per unit of wildland area, for adequate road network density for easy accessibility of all structures, for evacuation routes and sites in case of emergency and for restricted zones where construction is prohibited due to high fire risk. This includes strict regulations for waste disposal sites, open mines, amusement parks, picnic areas, nature trails, etc. Fire Safety regulations for houses, like clearing of vegetation, extra sources of water, appropriate building material etc., have to be applied at the residents own expenses, and penalized for violators. Jurisdiction by legislature should be granted to the fire-fighting forces regarding the selection of the appropriate fire strategy, e.g. choice of fire...

Sided Leaves

Remarks Both the lumber and crushed foliage are aromatic. Wood is soft, durable, very light. The lumber, used in shipbuilding, construction work, and as shingles, is of such value that large logs buried in prehistoric times have been mined in New Jersey bogs. Formerly, organ pipes were made of this resonant wood. White cedar charcoal was used in making gunpowder during American Revolution. Their beauty and resistance to insects and disease have caused a number of horticultural varieties of this tree and its oriental relatives to be used in landscaping. A native species also known as Arbor Vitae, It is browsed by deer.

Invasive Species

Plants that grow aggressively and outcompete other species are called invasive species. Invasive plants are usually those that were introduced, either intentionally or unintentionally, into a locality where they previously did not grow. Introduced plants, also called exotics or alien species, form an important part of our environment, contributing immensely to agriculture, horticulture, landscaping, and soil stabilization. But among the thousands of plant species introduced to North America, approximately 10 percent display the aggressive growth tendencies of invasive species. Although the terms exotic, alien, and invasive are sometimes used interchangeably, not all exotic plants are invasive. In addition, some native species, those plants that grew in an area prior to European settlement, can be invasive, especially as natural landscapes are altered.


This subfamily includes important edible temperate fruit species (known collectively as pome fruits) and a great number of landscape plants (Table 2). The most Hawthorn. There are about 1000 Crataegus species that are used in landscape plantings. A number have edible fruit and a few species such as C. monygna (English hawthorn) are used for timber. Crataegus pinnatifida, Chinese hawthorn, is processed for juice in China. Serviceberry. Amelanchier species known by various local names including Ser-viceberry, Juneberry, or Saskatoons are hardy plants used as landscape plants. Various attempts have been made at domestication for uses as a new fruit crops, but it appears that these species crops will be best used as edible landscape species.

Ornamental Plants

Ornamental plants are grown for use by the green industry and public for purposes such as landscaping for sport, and conservation. The green industries include commercial plant nurseries, flower growers, parks, and roadside and landscape plant installation and maintenance.

Tree Uses

It is hard to overestimate the importance of trees in their many uses for lumber, landscaping, shade, ornamental plantings, and windbreaks. In all of these uses diversity among trees is important. Wood types differ in strength, weight, hardness, color, figure, and other characteristics. Even taste can be important where cooking utensils or food storage is the use. Usually fast-growing trees such as cottonwood produce light, soft wood relative to that produced by slow-growing trees such as oaks and hickories. Conifers (often called softwoods) are preferred for construction lumber where ease of cutting, carrying, and nailing is important. The heavier, stronger, tougher wood of flowering trees (hardwoods) is preferred for railroad ties, strong crates, hardwood floors, tool handles, and sports equipment. Because of their attractive color and grain, hardwoods are also favored for fine furniture, cabinetry, and wall panels. All species and all sizes of trees are used for pulp and wood...

Turf Management

A grounds manager maintains an institutional site landscaped with turf, trees, flowers, buildings, and roads. They can be hired by colleges, universities, municipalities, park and recreation facilities, office parks, residential communities, hotels, resorts, theme parks, and cemeteries. Education in turf management, landscaping, ornamentals, and business is helpful.

Stephananilra incisa

This shrub forms a graceful mass of spreading, arching branches, and it suckers freely from the base. Yellowish white flowers appear in May and June and are not showy. Prefers acidT well-drained soils, in full sun or partial shade The species is seldom used in contemporary landscaping, having been replaced by the cultivar ' rispa' Grows 4 to 7 ft. bight equal or greater in spread, Zones J to 7 Japan. Korea.

Other Wood Products

In industry, conversion of raw wood materials into charcoal, extraction of turpentine and similar compounds for use as solvents and paint additives, and the use of cork in the beverage and manufacturing industries. Even the material previously stripped from the logs and discarded prior to transport to the mill is now used. Tree bark is a valued commodity for use in the landscaping horticultural industry, and in some cases forms an organic component to artificial soil mixes. It is encouraging to note that today none of the parts of harvested trees are wasted the technology of wood processing is sufficiently advanced to ensure that one of the world's most valuable and sustainable resources is used as efficiently as possible. Management of forests and natural habitats as sources of wood products is essential to provide for increasing needs of wood by humans. see also Conifers Cork Fiber and Fiber Products Forestry Paper Trees Wood Anatomy.

Or Purposes

M j ii y readers requite ready access to information on specific plants ior spec he purposes* In compiling the following lists oi the plants best suited to certain commonly desired characteristics or purposes, I have limited the number of entries to those plants that are most appropriate. Certainly a tad of personal bias is evident, but m the main, I erred on the side of objectivity* U e these lists as ready references to possible solutions ior planting design problems, Perhaps salt tolerance is a criterion for landscaping a beach house tosa n stf, M rka ptiisylvat ca, and Pnmm maritimn appear on the ist of salt-tolerant shrubs. Look them up in the plant listings, read the te, t, peruse the photographs, and decide which plants will create the desired effects-This information is categorized by Trees, including deciduous conifers and ginkgo Shrubs, including broad leaf evergreen shrubs Needle Evergreens and Vines


Public awareness is crucial in conservation efforts (Given, 2002), especially in developed nations where consumer demand is often driving exploitative resource extraction. Demand for rare forest products, including endangered species, often drives global luxury markets into a positive feedback loop, where rarity becomes more valuable and thus reinforces suppliers to seek out the last remaining populations. The collection industry is causing a decline in certain fern and lycophyte taxa, notably tree ferns and other species valuable for the landscaping and florist industries. Consumer product awareness and seller accountability are crucial in today's market economy.

Phacelia coerulea b

So sensitive Is this plant to moisture, that it may burst into blossom within a few hours after soaking rain, this phenomenon giving rise to the local belief that the plant actually blossoms before the rain, thereby forecasting precipitation hence it is sometimes called barometerbush. During recent years silverleaf has become one of the popular native shrubs used in landscaping.

Oakleaf Hydrangea

This is one of the most handsome plants that landscape designers have at their disposal, but It is not utilised to its fullest potential in American gardens. The full, founded-mounded our tine, lobed leaves, and magnificent white flowers provide full measure for the landscape dollar. The dark green, three- to seven-lobed leaves, i to ft in, long and wide, turn rich burgundy in lall and may persist into December The 4- to 12-in.-long, paniculate inflorescences are composed of 1- to 1 V -ln .-diameter, showy sepals Interspersed with fertile flowers. The flowers open in June and last for three to four weeks, often developing purplish pink coloration with age, The bark peels tiff in papery, light brown to cinnamon-brown strips. Provide moist, add, organic-laden, well-drained soils, in full ur to partial shade. Easily transplanted from a container or the field, Crows rapidly if ample moisture and fertilizer are pro vlded. Use in mass plantings, groupings, or the border One of the best...


The word horticulture translates as garden cultivation, or to cultivate garden plants. It was first used in publication in 1631 and was an entry in The New World of English Words in 1678. Today horticulture means the science, technology, art, business, and hobby of producing and managing fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants, landscapes, interior plantscapes, and grasses and turfgrasses. Although horticulture has been practiced for several millennia, it became a recognized academic and scientific discipline as it emerged from botany and medicinal botany in the late nineteenth century. Liberty Hyde Bailey, professor of horticulture at both Michigan State and Cornell Universities, is credited as the father of American horticulture, as he founded the first academic departments of horticulture. Horticultural plants are very important to human health and well being and are critical to the environment of homes, communities, and the world. Horticulture food crops play an...

The Palms

Eight tree-sized palms in seven genera are native to Florida. All are of tropical origins and, with only two Exceptions, are found mostly in the state*s southern counties where they are better protected from the killing effects of north Florida's occasionally freezing temperatures. In addition, three other species have found wide popularity as ornamental plants in the slate and have now become established components of our naturalized flora, AiM I of these trees are described and differentiated in Fan lilt should be emphasized that these 11 species are not the only palms to be found in the state, A large number of nonnative species are available from commercial nurs cries and are regularly cultivated for resale. One common handbook lists more than 25 species of introduced palms in Florida, all of which are recommended for use as ornamental landscape plants. At least a few of these are similar to some of our native species, which sometimes makes identification of these latter plants...

New Scourge

The chestnuts were prized trees in the native forest that was the pride of the newly established Zoological Park. The woods were dense with chestnuts, oaks, birch, dogwoods, locusts, pines, poplars, and other trees and shrubs that had been carefully protected and preserved for more than eighty years by the former owners, a prominent New York family. In building the park five years earlier, the Zoological Society had been determined to give as much attention to landscaping as to the animal collection. There would be a formal concourse to mark the entryway, but the rest of the park was as far as possible to be kept in its natural condition. Only native flora were to be planted on the grounds those seeking exotica would have to head across the road to the city's other newly created natural attraction, the New York Botanical Garden. Merkel, a German native who probably had learned his trade from the famed foresters in his homeland, was well suited to...

Melanconis Juglandis

Tree, characteristic of cold, alkaline swamps and stream borders, but also growing on dry limestone soils, dunes, uplands. Flattish, aromatic, scalelike leaves and twigs and shreddy, fibrous bark are the identity marks of this conifer. More than fifty varieties have been cultivated for ornamental and landscaping uses.

Chinese privet

Ecology Chinese privet occurs in a variety of habitats and can tolerate a wide range of light and soil conditions but grows best in moist soils with abundant light. Abundant in disturbed areas, it also spreads into intact forests, especially in floodplains. Introduced into the United States from China as an ornamental shrub in the mid-nineteenth century, it was widely planted, primarily as a hedge in landscaping. Chinese privet readily escapes cultivation as it produces abundant fleshy fruits whose seeds are widely dispersed by birds. Established plants spread clonally by root sprouts, forming dense thickets that reduce the densities of trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants. By choking out native species, biological diversity is reduced. Once established, it's difficult to eradicate because topkilled privet readily re-sprouts and it has a large, persistent soil seed bank. Chinese privet is an example of an invasive species because it spreads into natural areas and dominates or degrades...

Multiflora Rose

Our back property line dissolves in a tangle of shrubs and narrow woodland belonging to the community swimming pool. This landscaping arrangement has the major advantage that in summer, leaves block our view of the parking lot in spring and fall, our daughters have an empty flat area for riding bicycles and in winter, the leaves are gone, but there's no one there to inhibit our privacy, and we get a bit more southern light to boot. I know that the ultimate solution for these woods would probably include some purchases native trees or wildflowers, for example. This little woodland, though, has exactly the same problem shared by many weedy, underappreciated areas. For one, its position on a property boundary means that it is a bit of a demilitarized zone where neither neighbor (in this case, we and the pool management) wants to put too much into it, lest the other neighbor destroy the effort. Second, landscaping plants are expensive, and if I had a few extra thousand dollars in my...


There, in my friend's yard, I got my first up-close view of what passes for landscaping among modern builders. My friends are not the herbicide types, but they were unquestionably irritated with their lawn, with its tall flowering weeds and flattened prostrate spurge crowding out the grass. In addition, I was there for the first significant rains in weeks, and within minutes of the first raindrop the backyard was two to three inches deep in standing water, which mostly ran off the lawn and into the street. If they had been using herbicides or fertilizer, these, too, would have mixed in with the rain, and would have gone straight into the storm water system. New subdivisions, then, are doomed to lawns full of hawkweed, dandelion, and other weeds of poor soils. I have read that in the real estate business, fixing up a kitchen or bathroom pays great dividends, but money in landscaping is a waste in terms of resale value. Apparently, landscaping is a waste in new subdivisions as well,...

Potential Partners

More and more different professionals now have a major influence on the urban forest. They range from arboriculturalists, foresters, horticulturalists and landscape designers to planners, engineers, legislators, transport and utility managers, health practitioners and commercial developers. Where coordination is poor, conflict invariably follows, and this in turn can lead to misplaced resources, fragmented management and duplication of effort (Lewis 1991). All of these affect the urban forest, limit its effectiveness and deprive the public of many potential benefits. Therefore the case for partnerships is very persuasive.

Tilia xeuchlara

Little used in commercial landscaping because of com petition from Tilia cordate ione of its parents), but this hybrid is still a handsome tree. Habit is softly pyramidal, with branches that skirt the ground. The 2- to 4-in.-long leaves arc lustrous, polished dark green. The leaf margins have elongated, mucronate serrations, almost like bristles, a trait that separates this species from Uttleleaf Linden, Tends to sucker from the base, producing unwanted shoots that need to be removed. Supposedly more resistant to aphids than T. cordata. A fine tree for parks, campuses, and Lirge areas. Ho not limb up the lower branches, since they add much to the character of a mature tree. Crimean Linden is a hybrid between T. cordata and Z dasyityla that originated about i860. Grows 40 to 60 ft, high, 20 to 30 ft, wide. Zones 3 to 7.

Woodland Edge Types

These include glades placed within the inner edge zone, indrawn grass wedges like creeks or inlets, outdrawn points or tips of shrubs or trees, solitary trees and clumps placed as a forefront, and small waters and wetlands placed to maximize its function as a wildlife habitat and increase its beauty. Another such element is the edge path. The question how to incorporate this and other elements into a well-managed edge zone has characterized many well-known landscape designers through time.

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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