Chaenomeles

Flowering quince. Shrubs.

Flowering quinces are spring-blooming deciduous shrubs with alternate leaves and thorny branches. The plants are used as deciduous hedges, in foundation plantings, or in shrub borders.

Flowering quinces require full or nearly full sun. While not particular as to soils, they prefer a good, well-drained loam. Renewal pruning (removal of a few of the oldest canes each year) is recommended to keep them flowering freely.

Aphids may feed on young shoots and leaves; see "Leaves wrinkled and discolored" on page 235. Scales may also be a problem; see "Leaves yellow; stem and leaves covered with small bumps" on page 237.

Chard

Beta vulgaris, Cicla group (Chenopodiaceae)

Chard, also known as Swiss chard, is a type of beet grown for its succulent tops. It does not form enlarged roots. Green and red cultivars are available.

Chard grows vigorously from late spring to fall frost. Plants prefer sandy, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.5-7.5. They will tolerate a wide range of temperatures and will withstand light frost. To keep leaves tender, provide chard with plenty of water and nitrogen. Compost worked into the soil at planting followed by alfalfa meal sprinkled on the soil surface after seeding usually provides chard's requirements.

Chard and beets are susceptible to the same diseases and pests. See the Beet entry beginning on page 37 for descriptions and controls.

Cherry

Prurtiis spp. (Rosaceae)

Cherries are deciduous trees growing to 35' for standard-size sweet cherries (Primus avium) and to 20' for standard-size sour cherries (P. cerasus). These plants are hardy in Zones 4-9.

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