Table 211

Adaptive Physiological Investigations of Metal Toxicity and Tolerance Using Grasses

(continued)

Grasses' interaction with metals and associated functions Ref.

Citrate reverses the inhibition of wheat root growth caused by aluminum; water relations of wheat cultivars 55 grown with cadmium

Differential transport of Zn, Mn, and sucrose along the longitudinal axis of developing grains 56

Transport of zinc and manganese to developing wheat grains 57

Uptake and distribution of 65Zn and 54Mn in wheat grown at sufficient and deficient levels of Zn and Mn, 59

I. during vegetative growth.

Uptake and distribution of 65Zn and 54Mn in wheat grown at sufficient and deficient levels of Zn and Mn, 59

II. during grain development

Induction of microsomal membrane proteins in roots of aluminum-resistant cultivars of L. under conditions 60 of aluminum stress

Induction of microsomal membrane proteins in roots of an Al-resistant cultivars under conditions of Al 60

stress

Residual Cd in soil and accumulation in grain 61

Differential aluminum tolerance in a high yielding, early maturing wheat 62

Effect of Cu on active and posssibe Rb influx in roots 63

Influence of Se on uptake and toxicity of Cu and Cd 64

Chemical form of Cd and other heavy metals 42

Mn effects on photosynthesis and chlorophyll 65

Mn produces organic acids in Mn-tolerant and Mn-sensitive cultivars 66

Mn tolerance 67

Chlorophyll and leaf growth as a measure of Mn tolerance 68

Heat shock and protection against metal toxicity 69

A protein similar to pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins is elicited by metal toxicity in roots 70

Chemical form of cadmium and other heavy metals in rice and wheat plants 42

Effect of heavy metals on isoperoxidases of wheat 71

Influence of toxic metals on the multiple forms of esterases 72

Influence of selenium on uptake and toxicity of copper and cadmium in wheat 64

Aluminum induces rapid changes in cytosolic pH and free calcium and potassium concentrations in root 73 protoplasts

Excess manganese effect on photosynthetic rate and concentration of chlorophyll grown in solution culture 65

Effects of excess manganese on production of organic acids in Mn-tolerant and Mn-sensitive cultivars of 66 Triticum aestivum (wheat)

Chlorophyll content and leaf elongation rate as a measure of managanese tolerance 67

Pedigree analysis of manganese tolerance in Canadian spring wheat 68

Influence of aluminum on photosynthetic function in phosphate-deficient 74

Increased nonphotochemical quenching in leaves of aluminum-stressed plants is due to Al 3+-induced 75 elemental loss

Metal content, growth responses, and some photosynthetic measurements on field-cultivated in wheat 76

growing on ore bodies enriched in Cu

Citrate reverses the inhibition of root growth caused by Al 55

Crop rotation and tillage practices on Cd accumulationin grain 53

Distribution of Cd, Cu, and Zn in fruit 77 Mechanisms of Al tolerance — role in nitrogen nutrition and differential pH 78-81 Al tolerance is independent of rhizosphere pH 82, 83

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