1. Shaw, B.P., Sahu, S.K., and Mishra R.K., Heavy metal induced oxidative damage in terrestrial plants, in Heavy Metal Stress in Plants — from Biomolecules to Ecosystems, Prasad, M.N.V., Ed., Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2004, chap. 4.

2. Manahan, S.E., Environmental Chemistry, Lewis Publishers, Boston, 1990, chap. 17.

3. Ochiai, E.-I., Bioinorganic Chemistry, an Introduction, Allyn and Bacon, Inc., Boston, 1977, chap. 1.

4. Fergusson, J.E., The Heavy Elements: Chemistry, Environmental Impact and Health Effects, Pergamon Press, New York, 1990, chap. 2.

5. Evans, A.M., Ore, mineral economics and mineral exploration, in Introduction to Mineral Exploration, Evans, A.M., Ed., Blackwell Science, Oxford, 1995, chap. 1.

6. Chaterjee, K.K., An Introduction to Mineral Economics, Wiley Eastern Limited, Bombay, 1993, chap. 6.

7. Wedepohl, K.H., The composition of the upper Earth's atmosphere and the natural cycles of selected metals. Metals in natural raw materials. Natural resources, in Metals and Their Compounds in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis and Biological Relevance, Merian, E., Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 2000, chap. 1.

8. Forstner, U. and Wittmann, G., Metal Pollution in the Aquatic Environment, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1979, chap. B.

9. Sheehan, P.J., Functional changes in the ecosystem, in Effects of Pollutants at the Ecosystem Level, Sheehan, P.J., Miller, D.R., Butler, G.C., and Bourdeau, P., Eds., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984, chap. 6.

10. Martin, M.H. and Coughtrey, P.J., Biological Monitoring of Heavy Metal Pollution, Applied Science Publishers, London, 1982, chap. 1.

11. Baker, A.J.M., Metal tolerance, New Phytol, 106, 93, 1987.

12. Prasad, M.N.V., Metallothioneins, metal binding complexes and metal sequestration in plants, in Heavy Metal Stress in Plants: from Biomolecules to Ecosystems, 2nd ed., Prasad, M.N.V., Ed., Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2004, chap.3.

13. Lasat, M.M., Baker, A.J.M., and Kochian, L.V., Altered zinc compartmentation in the root symplasm and stimulated Zn2+ absorption in to the leaf as mechanisms involved in zinc hyperaccumulation in Thlaspi caerulescens, Plant Physiol., 118, 875, 1998.

14. Kramer, U., CotternHowells, J.D., Charnock, J.M., Baker, A.J.M., and Smith, J.A.C., Free histidine as a metal chelator in plants that accumulate nickel, Nature, 373, 635, 1996.

15. Salt, D.E., Prince, R.C., Pickering, I.J., and Raskin, I., Mechanism of cadmium mobility and accumulation in Indian mustard, Plant Physiol., 109, 1427, 1995.

16. De Miranda, J.R., Thomas, M.A., Thurman, D.A., and Tomsett, A.B., Metallothionein genes from the flowering plant Mimulus guttatus, FEBS Lett., 260, 277, 1990.

17. Evans, I.M., Gatehouse, L.N., Gatehouse, J.A., Robinson, N.J., and Coy, R.R.D., A gene from pea (Pisum sativum) and its homology to metallothionein genes, FEBS Lett., 262, 29, 1990.

18. Rauser, W.E., Phytochelatins and related peptides: structure, biosynthesis, and function, Plant Physiol., 109, 1141, 1995.

19. Ow, D.W., Heavy metal-tolerant genes: prospective tools for bioremediation, Res. Conserv. Recycling, 18, 135, 1996.

20. Schmöger, M.E.V., Oven, M., and Grill, E., Detoxification of arsenic by phytochelatins in plants, Plant Physiol., 122, 793, 2000.

21. Prasad, M.N.V. (Ed.) Metals in the Environment: Analysis by Biodiversity, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 2001, 504.

22. Pulford, I.D. and Watson, C., Phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated land by trees — a review, Environ. Int., 29, 529, 2003.

23. Prasad, M.N.V. and Strzalka, K. (Eds.) Physiology and Biochemistry of Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2002, 432.

24. Kerkeb, L. and Kramer, U., The role of free histidine in xylem loading of nickel in Alyssum lesbiacum and Brassica juncea, Plant Physiol., 1312, 716, 2003.

Kohl, K.I. and Losch, R., Experimental characterization of metal tolerance, in Heavy Metal Stress in Plants — from Biomolecules to Ecosystems, M.N.V. Prasad, Ed., Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2004, chap. 17.

Misra, S.G., and Mani, D., Soil Pollution, Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, 1991, chap. 5. Dean, J.G., Bosqui, F.L., and Lanouette, V.H., Removing heavy metals from waste water, Environ. Sci. Technol, 6, 518, 1972.

Valerio, F., Brescianini, C., Lastraioli, S., and Coccia, S., Metals in leaves as indicators of atmospheric pollution in urban areas, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 37, 245, 1989.

Lagerwerff, J.V. and Specht, A.W., Contamination of roadside soil and vegetation with cadmium, lead and zinc, Envrion. Sci. Technol, 4, 583, 1970.

Iskandar, I.K. and Kirkham, M.B., Trace Elements in Soil — Bioavailability, Flux and Transfer, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2001, 304.

Chamberlain, A.C., Fallout of lead and uptake by crops, Atmos. Environ, 17, 693, 1983. Bertine, K.K. and Goldber, E.D., History of heavy metal pollution in southern California coastal zone — reprise, Environ. Sci. Technol, 11, 297, 1977.

Ruch, R.R., Gluskoter, H.J., and Shimp, N.F., Occurrence and distribution of potentially volatile trace elements in coal, Environ. Geol. Notes, 61, 1, 1973.

Haug, A., Molecular aspects of aluminum toxicity, Crit. Rev. Plant Sci., 1, 345, 1984.

Kochian, L.V., Cellular mechanisms of aluminum toxicity and resistance in plants, Annu. Rev. Plant

Cunningham, S.D. and Ow, D.W., Promises and prospects of phytoremediation, Plant Physiol., 110, 715, 1996.

Bradshaw, A.D., Populations of Agrostis tenuis resistant to lead and zinc poisoning, Nature, 169, 1098, 1952.

Jowett, D., Populations of Agrostis spp. tolerant to heavy metals, Nature, 182, 816, 1958.

Ernst, W.H.O., Verkleij, J.A.C., and Schat, H., Metal tolerance in plants, Acta Bot. Neerl, 41, 229,

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment