Irina Shtangeeva Contents

28.1 Introduction 549

28.2 Application of Cereal Crops in Phytoremediation Studies 550

28.3 Metal Uptake by Cereal Crops 551

28.3.1 Phytotoxicity of Some Ultratrace Metals 555

28.4 Metal Distribution between Roots and Upper Plant Parts 557

28.4.1 Effects of Soil Characteristics, Weather Conditions, and Plant Physiological Activity on Metal Uptake 558

28.4.2 Identification of Soil Amendments Capable of Enhancing Plant Yield and

Metal Phytoextraction 560

28.4.3 Sewage Sludge 562

28.4.4 Chelates 562

28.5 Organic Materials 563

28.6 Experimental Studies on the Effects of Different Fertilizers on Metal Removal from

Contaminated Soils Using Wheat 564

28.6.1 Effects of Mineral Elements on Plant Biomass and Metal Uptake 568

28.7 Soil Biota as a Promising Means to Affect Metal Phytoextraction 571

28.7.1 Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi 572

28.7.2 Bacteria 572

28.8 Effects of Cellulomonas and Mycobacterium Strains on Metal Phytoextraction by

Cereal Crops 573

28.9 Conclusions 575

References 576

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