M S Madan

Ginger is an important commercial crop grown for its aromatic rhizomes, which are used both as a spice and for medicinal purposes. India accounts for about 30% followed by China (20%) in total world production. The world production is approximately 0.75 to 0.8 million tons of ginger from an area of around 0.3 million hectares (Table 12.1). During the same period, the export was around 20% of total world production valued at US $105.73 million. Even though India is the largest producer of ginger in the world, it occupied only the seventh position in export during 1999 and 2000; after China, Thailand, Brazil, Taiwan, Nigeria, and Indonesia. The major importing countries are the United Kingdom, United States, Japan, and Saudi Arabia.

Table 12.1 Production in major ginger-producing countries (1998—2000) (Area: Ha, Production: tons)

Country

Area

%

Production

%

Traditional

14,5344

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