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N, nitrogen; P, phosphorus; K, potassium.

N, nitrogen; P, phosphorus; K, potassium.

A study conducted in Maharashtra to work out the economics of ginger production revealed that the average production cost per quintal (100 kg) was Rs. 1,012.04 and the estimated cost—benefit ratio was 1.38 for cost. Here also the cost of seed rhizome has eaten up almost 42.6% of the total costs involved in ginger production (Gaikwad et al., 1998).

Korikanthimath and Govardhan (2001b) conducted a study to compare the economics of cultivation of ginger in uplands and paddy fields of Karnataka, which indicated that the cost—benefit ratio is more favorable in paddy fields (1.7) when compared to upland cultivation (1.11). This higher profitability is mainly due to higher productivity (23.5 t/ha) achieved in the paddy fields when compared to the yield level of 13.5 t/ha in the upland.

Trends in Area, Production, and Productivity

The time series data on area, production, and productivity of ginger along with the growth index worked out for the period from 1970 to 2000 are presented in Table 12.4 and Figure 12.1. A perusal of the period-wise performance indicates a significant increase in production over the years.

Area: The area under ginger has shown an increasing trend over the years from 1970 to 2000, with occasional fluctuations being attributed to the ups and downs in price. Low remuneration in a year owing to an unfavorable price generally leads to a reduction in area and production in subsequent years.

Production: Indian production of ginger has been increasing steadily from 29.59 thousand tons in 1970 to 1971 to 263.17 thousand tons during 1999-2000. An increase of nearly 789% in production is due to the combined improvement in both area and productivity. The states Meghalaya and Kerala together accounted for more than 65% of total production in the country. If we make a region-wise grouping, the southern

Figure 12.1 Area production, and productivity of ginger in India (1970—1971 to 1999—2000).
Table 12.4 Area, production, and average yield per hectare of ginger (dry) in India

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