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region, comprising Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh, accounts for 52.4% of production with a 42.4% area during 1990 to 1991 to 2000 to 2001. Distribution of the ginger-producing area as a percentage of the total cropped area and production (district-wise) worked out clearly indicates the concentration of ginger cultivation in the states of Kerala and Meghalaya and their dominance in ginger production in the country.

The state-wise area, production, and productivity of ginger for three periods—1982 to 1983, 1992 to 1993, and 1998 to 1999—are given in Table 12.5. As it can be seen from Table 12.5, against the national average yield of around 3,371 kg/ha achieved during 1992 to 1993, states such as Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh, Sikkim, and Tamil Nadu have been consistently recording a higher level of yield. Tamil Nadu achieved the highest yield of 19,450 kg/ha during the period and has attained a record productivity

Table 12.5 Statewise area, production, and productivity of ginger in India (Area: '000 ha, Production: '000 tons, Productivity: kg/ha)

States

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