Table 2.1 Ecosystem Services Provided by Fungi
Providing fertility for primary production
Plant community structure Secondary production
Modification of pollutants Carbon sequestration and storage
Particle binding Decomposition or organic residues Nutrient mineralization
Soil stability (aggregates)
Direct production Nutrient accessibility Plant yield
Defense against pathogens
Defense against herbivory Plant-plant interactions As a food source Population/biomass regulation
Fungi functional group
Mycorrhizae Saprotrophs, Mycorrhizae Saprotrophs, (Ericoid and ectomycorrhizae) Saprotrophs, (Ericoid and ectomycorrhizae) Saprotrophs, (Arbuscular mycorrhizae Lichens Mycorrhizae Mycorrhizae, pathogens Mycorrhizae, Endophytes,
Mycorrhizae, pathogens Saprotrophs, Mycorrhizae Pathogens
Saprotrophs, Mycorrhizae Mycorrhizae, (Saprotrophs)
Note: Services to be considered in this chapter are in bold face. Fungal groups in parentheses are regarded as of lesser importance in that function.
The bulk of the chapter will deal with terrestrial ecosystems, as this is where most of the information on these processes had been derived. The impact of decomposition activity within terrestrial ecosystems has a profound effect on the fertility of streams and rivers by the process of leaching. Here, nutrient elements in water percolate through the soil into water courses, carrying soluble nutrients derived in the terrestrial environment that have not been immobilized into land plant tissue.
Was this article helpful?