Tara Auxt Baugher
Tree architecture impacts photosynthetic potential and partitioning efficiency. Many training systems have been developed, and each has a place, depending on rootstock, cultivar, environmental conditions, and grower preferences. For example, the slender spindle system is best used with a full dwarf rootstock and was originally adopted in European regions with low light conditions. Training systems offer specific opportunities, and growers can choose from designs that increase productivity, improve fruit color and quality, augment integrated production efforts, boost work efficiency, and/or complement market strategies.
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