Major Cultivars Of The World

Thousands of fruit cultivars exist throughout temperate growing regions. Some are only of local interest, while others are planted worldwide. Stone fruit cultivars generally have relatively narrow regions of adaptability, so there are no dominant, widely planted cultivars. In contrast, pome fruit, especially apples, have much wider ranges of adaptability, so internationally important apple cultivars do exist (see Box C2.1).

It is quite likely that cultivar development and introduction practices will change in the future. Many of the varieties that are most widely planted in the world are many years old, and fruit performance in marketing channels is only fair to good. Consumers have a plethora of choices of fruit and vegetables in supermarket produce sections, and they are becoming more discriminating about their purchases. Cultivars that are extensively planted in the future must be flavorful, fresh, and possess high internal quality, or consumers will purchase better tasting alternatives.

Related Topics: BREEDING AND MOLECULAR GENETICS; FLOWER BUD FORMATION, POLLINATION, AND FRUIT SET; HIGH-DENSITY ORCHARDS; MARKETING; ORCHARD PLANNING AND SITE PREPARATION; PLANT-PEST RELATIONSHIPS AND THE ORCHARD ECOSYSTEM; PROPAGATION; TRAINING SYSTEMS

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