Temporal response patterns considerations and controls

Understanding temporal response patterns and the underlying mechanisms that control them will be fundamental to making longer-term predictions of ecosystem response to a changing environment. As illustrated in Figure 2, a perturbation, such as elevated CO2 or a change in climate can move a system from one state (A) to another state (B), but the trajectory of the response may vary. If the response is assumed to be approximately linear (i.e., a change in the perturbation results in a...

Upscaling regional emissions of greenhouse gases from rice cultivation methods and sources of uncertainty

Verburg1'*, Peter M. van Bodegom2, Hugo A. C. Denier van der Gon1 Aldo Bergsma1 and Nico van Breemen1 1Laboratory of Soil Science and Geology, Wageningen University, PO Box 37, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands 2Institute of Ecological Science, Free University, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands *Author for correspondence (e-mail peter.verburg wur.nl phone +31-317-485208 fax + 31-317-482419) Received 1 September 2004 accepted in revised form 15 December 2004 Key...