Red colour

Source: Essential Oils Association of USA; Eisvale (1981).

World trade paprika and paprika products

Szabo (1969) has described the manufacture and quality of paprika oleoresin. About 50,000 tonnes of paprika are required for the production of oleoresin and colouring powder. Out of this, a major portion (20,000 tonnes) is produced and utilized in Spain alone (Anu and Peter, 2000). Spain also produces about 500 tonnes of paprika oleoresin. The next major producers of paprika are (1) Hungary, (2) Morocco, (3) Yugoslavia, (4) Czechoslovakia, (5) Chile, (6) Turkey, (7) Portugal, (8) Bulgaria, (9) Romania, (10) Greece, (11) China, (12) Mexico, (13) Israel and (14) South Africa. Paprikas from various countries are known by the names of the respective countries of origin. They include all forms of zero pungent types. In Europe, only two forms are recognized, the long Hungarian type and the round Spanish type. According to the Basic Synthite Chemicals, the paprika exporting firm in Kerala, though 75,000 tonnes of paprika such as Byadagi chillies and 9,000 tonnes of Tomato chillies are produced, very little is available in India for the manufacture of paprika oleoresin. There is an urgent need for the development of paprika varieties from the above two types. It is estimated that 470 tonnes of paprika oleoresin were exported from India (valued at Rs. 55 crores) during 1997-98 (Anu and Peter, 2000; Mathew et al., 2000).

Colour of oleoresin paprika


Oleoresin paprika is the product obtained by solvent extraction of the powdered dried ripe red pods of paprika Capsicum annuum L., with the subsequent removal of the solvent. Oleoresin paprika is evaluated strictly on a unit colour basis. The bulk of the oleoresin paprika has a colour value of 40,000-100,000.

Appearance and odour

A deep red, somewhat viscid liquid, with a characteristic odour of paprika.

Determination of colour value of oleoresin paprika by visual method

(1) Measure exactly l.Og of oleoresin into a 100 ml volumetric flask. Make up the volume with acetone, and mix and shake well.

(2) Prepare the appropriate dilution with acetone depending upon the approximate colour value of the oleoresin.

(3) Chart: Colour value vs dilutions

Colour value of oleoresin

Dilution (%)

Volume of solution used for dilution

Approximate volume of dilute solution to be used (in ml)


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