The importance of growing high-quality chamomile cultivars has been emphasized by many authors. However, the productivity of the chosen material and its chemical composition are affected by the local ecological conditions and the cultivation method, as well. That is the reason that the majority of the countries in the above-mentioned regions have their own cultivars.

The selection of chamomile was started in the early 1960s in Hungary [28]. As a result of this breeding work two cultivars were registered and used for large-scale cultivation. The main characteristics of these cultivars are as follows:

"Budakalaszi 2" (BK 2): It is a well-known Hungarian cultivar, used as a control population in different parts of the world, even proposed for commercial production [4, 6, 16, 17]. The cultivar is a tetraploid form and has large flowers [28]. It has a relatively long vegetation period, producing

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