Bush Pepper

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Bush pepper is a welcome alternative to the climbing pepper as it has potential for cultivation in homestead situations.

Nursery techniques

The plagiotropic lateral fruiting branches of pepper exhibit sympodial growth and these branches when rooted and planted grow into a bush (Fig. 4.1.11). These bushes produce more fruiting branches and start flowering from the first year itself. The

Table 4.1.16 Nutrient DRIS norms for pepper.

Element

Unit

Status

Deficient

Low

Optimum

High

Excessive

Nitrogen

%

<1.06

1.06-1.64

1.65-2.79

2.80-3.40

>3.40

Phosphorus

"

<0.03

0.03-0.10

0.11-0.26

0.27-0.37

>0.37

Potassium

<0.33

0.33-1.77

1.78-2.84

2.85-3.68

>3.68

Calcium

"

<0.47

0.47-1.41

1.42-3.33

3.34-4.30

>4.30

Magnesium

M

<0.20

0.20-0.39

0.40-0.69

0.70-1.06

>1.06

Sulphur

ff

<0.01

0.01-0.08

0.09-0.29

0.30-0.38

>0.38

Iron

ppm

<60

60-125

126-1145

1146-1796

>1796

Manganese

f

<30

30-108

109-721

722-1027

>1027

Zinc

M

<10

10-20

21-67

68-100

>100

Copper

"

<6

6-15

16-120

120-200

>200

Figure 4.1.11 Bush pepper developed from plagiotropic shoot. Note the bushy growth habit.

flowering continue in all seasons of the year if proper watering and manuring are given. They can be easily grown either in pots or in field.

Rooting of the flowering laterals is more difficult. A method used by Ravindran et al. (1981) involves (i) selecting healthy lateral shoots of previous year's growth with two or three leaves (ii) dipping the cut end in a commercial rooting hormone (iii) planting them in moist rooting medium (weathered coir dust is used in the above work) contained in a 200 gauge poly bag of about 40 cmx25 cm size and filled to about one fourth with the medium (iv) tying the mouth firmly and keeping the bags in a cool, shady place. Before closing the bag air is blown into the bag. The cuttings get rooted in 30-35 days. After about 45-60 days the bags can be opened and allowed to remain like that for a few days before transplanting the rooted cuttings to pots. If properly done this technique can give above 80 per cent success.

Bush pepper can be planted at a minimum density of 2500 plants ha-1 at 2x2 m spacing but can be doubled by reducing the spacing. Bush pepper recorded a yield of 1600-1700 kg ha-1 and the variety Panniyur-1 recorded the highest yield (1960 kg ha-1; IISR 1997). Similar studies with bush pepper have been carried out in Indonesia, Malaysia and in Philippines.

Soil availability of nutrients

Experiments conducted on the effect of chemical and organic nutrient sources on bush pepper grown in pots of 10 kg soil showed that nutrient availability increased significantly due to increasing dose of NPK application. Among the treatments, NPK

at the rate of 1.0, 0.5 and 2.0 g plant-1 was superior for optimum yield realization (Sadanandan and Hamza 1996).

Studies on the effect of potassium sources on bush pepper revealed the superiority of potassium sulphate. For bush pepper growing in pots, bimonthly application of NPK fertilizers at the rate of 1.0, 0.5 and 2.0 g pot-1 respectively is optimum.

CONCLUSIONS

For sustainable management of pepper, the following measures are suggested:

Soil management problems

Corrective measures

Soil erosion Loss of soil Loss of nutrients

Depletion of organic matter

Soil fertility

Low soil fertility (low pH, org. matter & nutrient content) Al toxicity

Accumulation of unused elements

Lone use of fertilizer Chemical fertilizers Based on yield goals Exclusive use leads to pollution

Live stock waste

Loss of organic resources Pollution problem

Conservation practices Conservation tillage to suit soil types Appropriate soil management

Management of crop residue & animal waste. Develop technology for crop residue and animal waste management

Revalidation of soil fertility. Monitor changes in soil status, develop new soil test methods Use lime &C organic matter Investigate dynamics and behaviour in soil-plant ecosystem

New fertilizers As per soil test crop response Use of slow release fertilizers Use bio-fertilizers Improve phyto availability

Organic resources recycling Adoption of mixed farming Efficient use of animal waste

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Anonymous (1979) 100-128.

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ANNEXURE-1

AGRONOMY OF BLACK PEPPER: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE EDITOR

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Responses

  • Ermenegildo
    How to grow bush pepper commercially?
    3 years ago
  • tolman
    What is difference between bush pepper and climber pepper plant?
    3 years ago
  • Janie
    What is the difference between bush pepper and black seed?
    2 years ago
  • Carys
    How many days bush pepper give yield?
    2 years ago
  • jana
    How much yield one bush pepper give in one year?
    2 years ago
  • wolfgang
    Is bush pepper thesame as black pepper?
    2 years ago
  • Jesse
    Is black peper the same as bush peper?
    2 years ago

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